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Acute miliary tuberculosis

I would say the hematogenous widespread dissemination of tuberculosis in the body. The term derives from the chest X-ray image of the tiny (1-5 mm) tuberculosis lesions which are seen through out the lung parenchyma.

Symptoms of Acute miliary tuberculosis

The following features are indicative of Acute miliary tuberculosis:
  • prominent fever in evening
  • anorexia
  • weight loss
  • weakness
  • cough
  • night sweating
  • dry cough
  • dyspnoea
It is possible that Acute miliary tuberculosis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Acute miliary tuberculosis

The following are the most common causes of Acute miliary tuberculosis:
  • massive lymphohematogenous dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli

Risk Factors for Acute miliary tuberculosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Acute miliary tuberculosis:
  • childhood infections
  • malnutrition
  • pregnancy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • alcoholism
  • diabetes mellitus
  • organ transplantation
  • silicosis
  • chronic kidney disease
  • dialysis
  • post gastrectomy
  • connective tissue disorders
  • use of immunomodulator drugs

Prevention of Acute miliary tuberculosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Acute miliary tuberculosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • early initiation of specific anti tuberculosis treatment

Occurrence of Acute miliary tuberculosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Acute miliary tuberculosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Acute miliary tuberculosis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Acute miliary tuberculosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Acute miliary tuberculosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Acute miliary tuberculosis:
  • Physical examination: Helps to identify the organ system
  • Fundus examination: Detects choroid tubercles in Miliary tuberculosis
  • Sputum examination: To diagnose sputum for bacterial invasion
  • Needle aspiration cytology: To confirm the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium
  • Biopsy: To confirm the acute miliary tuberculosis

Complications of Acute miliary tuberculosis if untreated

Yes, Acute miliary tuberculosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Acute miliary tuberculosis is left untreated:
  • acute kidney injury
  • air leak syndrome
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome

Procedures for Treatment of Acute miliary tuberculosis

The following procedures are used to treat Acute miliary tuberculosis:
  • Surgery: Surgical procedure is performed in case of bowel perforation

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Acute miliary tuberculosis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Acute miliary tuberculosis:
  • Mechanical ventilation: Temporarily use of mechanical ventilation in severe cases such as in pneumothorax

Time for Treatment of Acute miliary tuberculosis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Acute miliary tuberculosis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Is Acute miliary tuberculosis Infectious?

Yes, Acute miliary tuberculosis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • through airborne droplets
  • sneezing

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Acute miliary tuberculosis.

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