Hair loss usually from the scalp. It may result in bald spots or spread to the entire scalp or the entire epidermis. It may be androgenetic or caused by chemotherapeutic agents, compulsive hair pulling, autoimmune disorders or congenital conditions

Symptoms of Alopecia

The following features are indicative of Alopecia:
  • gradual thinning on top of head
  • circular or patchy bald spots
  • sudden loosening of hair
  • full-body hair loss
  • patches of scaling that spread over the scalp

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Common Causes of Alopecia

The following are the most common causes of Alopecia:
  • autoimmune disorder
  • pregnancy
  • trauma

Other Causes of Alopecia

The following are the less common causes of Alopecia:
  • unhealthy scalp
  • congenital triangular alopecia
  • hypothyroidism

Risk Factors for Alopecia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Alopecia:
  • environmental factors
  • being male

Prevention of Alopecia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Alopecia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat nutritionally balanced diet
  • avoid tight hairstyle
  • avoid compulsively twisting, pulling your hair
  • treat hair gently
  • avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments and permanent

Occurrence of Alopecia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Alopecia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Alopecia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Alopecia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Alopecia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Alopecia:
  • Blood test: To confirm regarding medical condition
  • Pull test: To determine the stage of shedding process
  • Scalp biopsy: To determine whether an infection is causing hair loss
  • Light microscopy: To uncover possible disorders of the hair shaft

Doctor for Diagnosis of Alopecia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Alopecia:
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Alopecia if untreated

Yes, Alopecia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Alopecia is left untreated:
  • eczema
  • long-term alopecia
  • widespread or complete loss of scalp or body hair

Procedures for Treatment of Alopecia

The following procedures are used to treat Alopecia:
  • Surgery: Hair transplant or restoration surgery
  • Wigs and hairpieces: To cover either permanent or temporary hair loss
  • Ultraviolet light therapy: To regrow the hairs

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Alopecia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Alopecia:
  • Take nutritional supplements: May helpful in recovery of hairs
  • Hair Oil treatment: Lavender oil combined with oils from thyme, rosemary and cedarwood for hair growth

Time for Treatment of Alopecia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Alopecia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Alopecia.

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