A disorder characterized by a tear in the lining of the anus

Symptoms of Anal Fissure

The following features are indicative of Anal Fissure:
  • rectum pain
  • anal itching or bleeding
  • cracked skin
  • constipation
  • bloody stool
It is possible that Anal Fissure shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Anal Fissure

The following are the most common causes of Anal Fissure:
  • childbirth trauma in women
  • crohn's disease
  • ulcerative colitis
  • chronic diarrhea
  • constipation
  • hard stool

Risk Factors for Anal Fissure

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Anal Fissure:
  • more prominent in infants and adults age
  • constipation
  • childbirth
  • crohn's disease
  • anal intercourse

Prevention of Anal Fissure

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Anal Fissure. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat high-fiber foods
  • drink more fluids
  • exercise regularly

Occurrence of Anal Fissure

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Anal Fissure cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Anal Fissure most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-40 years

Common Gender

Anal Fissure can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Anal Fissure

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Anal Fissure:
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: To detect infection in sigmoid colon
  • Colonoscopy: To check abnormalities in the lower intestine or colon
  • Anoscopy: To do examination of the anus, anal canal abnormalities

Doctor for Diagnosis of Anal Fissure

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Anal Fissure:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Anal Fissure if untreated

Yes, Anal Fissure causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Anal Fissure is left untreated:
  • anal fissure that fails to heal within six weeks may lead to chronic anal fissure
  • recurrence of disease
  • anal stenosis due to spasm of the anal sphincter

Procedures for Treatment of Anal Fissure

The following procedures are used to treat Anal Fissure:
  • Surgery: To remove small portion of the anal sphincter muscle to reduce spasm and pain

Self-care for Anal Fissure

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Anal Fissure:
  • Eat high-fiber foods: Reduce anal fissure symptoms
  • Drink more fluids: Fluids help prevent constipation
  • Exercise regularly: Promote healing of an anal fissure
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements: Straining creates pressure, which can open a healing tear or cause a new tear

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Anal Fissure

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Anal Fissure:
  • Sitz bath: Warm water bath helps in healing or cleansing

Patient Support for Treatment of Anal Fissure

The following actions may help Anal Fissure patients:
  • Education: Educate the patients about keeping the perianal area dry and clean

Time for Treatment of Anal Fissure

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Anal Fissure to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 6 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/11/2019.
This page provides information for Anal Fissure.

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