Aortic Regurgitation

The backward flow of blood from the aorta into the left ventricle, owing to insufficiency of the aortic semilunar valve; it may be chronic or acute

Symptoms of Aortic Regurgitation

The following features are indicative of Aortic Regurgitation:
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • shortness of breath with exercise
  • swollen ankles and feet
  • chest pain
  • discomfort
  • tightness
  • lightheadedness
  • arrhythmia
  • irregular pulse
  • heart murmur
  • palpitations

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Common Causes of Aortic Regurgitation

The following are the most common causes of Aortic Regurgitation:
  • congenital heart valve disease
  • age-related changes in heart
  • endocarditis
  • rheumatic fever
  • trauma
  • Marfan syndrome

Risk Factors for Aortic Regurgitation

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Aortic Regurgitation:
  • older age
  • congenital heart disease
  • high blood pressure
  • aortic valve stenosis
  • history of infections that can affect the heart

Prevention of Aortic Regurgitation

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Aortic Regurgitation. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • control blood pressure
  • don't smoke
  • workout regularly

Occurrence of Aortic Regurgitation

Common Age Group

Aortic Regurgitation most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Aortic Regurgitation can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Aortic Regurgitation

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Aortic Regurgitation:
  • Echocardiogram: To direct the sound waves of heart
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): To check the electrical activity of the heart
  • Chest X-ray: To determine the size of heart
  • Exercise tests: To check signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease
  • Cardiac MRI: To determine the severity of condition
  • Cardiac catheterization: To diagnose the condition or determine its severity

Doctor for Diagnosis of Aortic Regurgitation

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Aortic Regurgitation:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Aortic Regurgitation if untreated

Yes, Aortic Regurgitation causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Aortic Regurgitation is left untreated:
  • heart failure
  • heart rhythm abnormalities
  • infections that affect the heart, such as endocarditis
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Aortic Regurgitation

The following procedures are used to treat Aortic Regurgitation:
  • Aortic valve repair: To treat aortic valve stenosis
  • Aortic valve replacement: To replace the damaged valve with a healthy one

Self-care for Aortic Regurgitation

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Aortic Regurgitation:
  • Heart-healthy diet: Eat variety of fruits and vegetables
  • Maintaining the weight: To keep a healthy weight
  • Regular physical activity: To maintain fitness
  • Managing stress: Do relaxation activities, meditation, physical activity
  • Avoiding tobacco: Decreases the risk of heart diseases

Patient Support for Treatment of Aortic Regurgitation

The following actions may help Aortic Regurgitation patients:
  • Join support groups: Talking with people who can encourage to avoid tobacco use helps in maintaining heart health

Time for Treatment of Aortic Regurgitation

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Aortic Regurgitation to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Aortic Regurgitation.

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