Inflammation of the arachnoid membrane and adjacent subarachnoid space

Symptoms of Arachnoiditis

The following features are indicative of Arachnoiditis:
  • tingling
  • loss of heat sensation
  • stinging and burning pain in the lower back, limbs, and trunk
  • problems with vision and hearing
  • muscle cramps or spasms
  • bladder problems
  • sexual dysfunction

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Common Causes of Arachnoiditis

The following are the most common causes of Arachnoiditis:
  • bacterial or viral spinal infections
  • mechanical injury
  • trauma to the spinal cord
  • one or more spinal taps

Risk Factors for Arachnoiditis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Arachnoiditis:
  • haemorrhage
  • bacterial infections
  • viral infections

Prevention of Arachnoiditis

No, it is not possible to prevent Arachnoiditis.
  • unclear correlation between the starting of the disease and the condition of symptoms

Occurrence of Arachnoiditis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Arachnoiditis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very rare between 1K - 10K cases

Common Age Group

Arachnoiditis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Arachnoiditis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Arachnoiditis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Arachnoiditis:
  • CT (Computed tomography) scan: To determine arachnoid ossifications
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To create cross-sectional images

Doctor for Diagnosis of Arachnoiditis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Arachnoiditis:
  • Neurosurgeons
  • Neurologists

Complications of Arachnoiditis if untreated

Yes, Arachnoiditis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Arachnoiditis is left untreated:
  • myelomalacia
  • multiple sclerosis
  • fibromyalgia
  • reflex sympathetic dystrophy
  • chronic pain syndrome
  • syringomyelia
  • spinal cord tumors

Procedures for Treatment of Arachnoiditis

The following procedures are used to treat Arachnoiditis:
  • Surgery: Helps providing only short-term relief

Self-care for Arachnoiditis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Arachnoiditis:
  • Avoid smoking: Helps decreasing the risk of Arachnoiditis
  • Exercise: Helps maintaining and building muscle strength
  • Diet: Maintaining proper nutrition and diet (omega-3 oils, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D) helps to promote bone growth

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Arachnoiditis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Arachnoiditis:
  • Physical therapy: To improve symptoms of arachnoiditis
  • Psychotherapy: To improve symptoms of arachnoiditis like depression, preserve function and pain

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Arachnoiditis.

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