Also called: Enuresis

Many children wet the bed until they are 5 or even older. A child's bladder might be too small. Or the amount of urine produced overnight can be more than the bladder can hold. Some children sleep too deeply or take longer to learn bladder control. Stress can also be a factor. Children should not be punished for wetting the bed. They don't do it on purpose, and most outgrow it.

Call the doctor if your child is 7 years old or older and wets the bed more than two or three times in a week. The doctor will look for and treat any other heath problems that could cause the bedwetting. Bedwetting alarms, bladder training, and medicines might help with the bedwetting.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Bedwetting

The following features are indicative of Bedwetting:
  • pain, straining or burning while urinating
  • very small stream of urine
  • cloudy or bloodstains on underpants
  • daytime and nighttime wetting
  • sudden changes in mood
  • poor bowel control
  • urinating after stress
  • continuous dampness
It is possible that Bedwetting shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Bedwetting

The following are the most common causes of Bedwetting:
  • some children take longer to learn bladder control
  • stress
  • child's bladder makes too much urine at night
  • child is constipated
  • family history of bedwetting
  • child's bladder is small

Other Causes of Bedwetting

The following are the less common causes of Bedwetting:
  • child has an underlying medical problem

Risk Factors for Bedwetting

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bedwetting:
  • family history
  • attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Prevention of Bedwetting

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bedwetting. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • make sure that the child goes to the bathroom before sleeping

Occurrence of Bedwetting

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bedwetting cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Bedwetting can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Bedwetting can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bedwetting

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bedwetting:
  • Voiding diary: To observe and record when and how much the child voids and drinks
  • Physical examination: To examine the lower extremities

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bedwetting

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bedwetting:
  • Urologist
  • Pediatrician
  • General Physician

Complications of Bedwetting if untreated

Yes, Bedwetting causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bedwetting is left untreated:
  • urinary tract infections
  • kidney failure
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Bedwetting

The following procedures are used to treat Bedwetting:
  • Moisture alarms: Child's pajamas or bedding connected with moisture-sensitive pad, when the pad senses wetness, the alarm goes off

Self-care for Bedwetting

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bedwetting:
  • Limit child drinks in evening
  • Avoid caffeine: Avoid beverages and foods with caffeine
  • Encourage double voiding before bed
  • Encourage regular toilet use throughout the day

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bedwetting

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bedwetting:
  • Hypnosis: Small trials of hypnosis helps children to stay dry throughout the night
  • Acupuncture: Insertion of fine needles in specific points of the body that helps in bedwetting problem
  • Chiropractic therapy: Helpful in the treatment of bedwetting

Patient Support for Treatment of Bedwetting

The following actions may help Bedwetting patients:
  • Be sensitive to your child's feelings: Support and encourage the child to keep away the child from anxiety and stress
  • Enlist your child's help: Giving responsibility for bed-wetting may help the child feel more control over the situation
  • Celebrate the effort of your child

Time for Treatment of Bedwetting

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bedwetting to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bedwetting.
Toilet Training
Urinary Incontinence

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