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Behcet's Syndrome

Also called: Behcet's disease

Behcet's syndrome is a disease that involves vasculitis, which is inflammation of the blood vessels. It causes problems in many parts of the body. The most common symptoms are

  • Sores in the mouth
  • Sores on the sex organs
  • Other skin sores
  • Swelling of parts of the eye
  • Pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints

More serious problems can include meningitis, blood clots, inflammation of the digestive system and blindness.

Doctors aren't sure what causes Behcet's. It is rare in the United States, but is common in the Middle East and Asia. It mainly affects people in their 20s and 30s. Diagnosing Behcet's can take a long time, because symptoms may come and go, and it may take months or even years to have all of the symptoms. There is no cure. Treatment focuses on reducing pain and preventing serious problems. Most people can control symptoms with treatment.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Behcet's Syndrome

The following features are indicative of Behcet's Syndrome:
  • abdominal tenderness
  • bloating
  • generic abdominal discomfort
  • non-scarring oral lesions

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Common Causes of Behcet's Syndrome

The following are the most common causes of Behcet's Syndrome:
  • auto-inflammation of the blood vessels
  • overactive immune system

Risk Factors for Behcet's Syndrome

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Behcet's Syndrome:
  • genetic factors

Prevention of Behcet's Syndrome

No, it is not possible to prevent Behcet's Syndrome.
  • immune system attack the body's own blood vessels

Occurrence of Behcet's Syndrome

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Behcet's Syndrome cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Behcet's Syndrome most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Behcet's Syndrome can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Behcet's Syndrome

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Behcet's Syndrome:
  • Biopsy of mouth, genital, or skin lesions
  • Mouth sores analysis
  • Skin prick test: To test positive pathergy

Doctor for Diagnosis of Behcet's Syndrome

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Behcet's Syndrome:
  • Gynecologist
  • Urologist
  • Dermatologist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Hematologist
  • Neurologist

Complications of Behcet's Syndrome if untreated

Yes, Behcet's Syndrome causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Behcet's Syndrome is left untreated:
  • stroke
  • blindness

Procedures for Treatment of Behcet's Syndrome

The following procedures are used to treat Behcet's Syndrome:
  • Surgery: Removes the lumen of oropharynx
  • Tracheostomy: Clear the restricted airway and enable breathing

Self-care for Behcet's Syndrome

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Behcet's Syndrome:
  • Do rest during flares: When symptoms appear, take time for yourself
  • Do moderate exercise

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Behcet's Syndrome

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Behcet's Syndrome:
  • Do mouth rinses: Reduce the pain of mouth sores

Patient Support for Treatment of Behcet's Syndrome

The following actions may help Behcet's Syndrome patients:
  • Connect with others: Join the Behcet's Disease support groups with in your area

Time for Treatment of Behcet's Syndrome

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Behcet's Syndrome to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Behcet's Syndrome.

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