Also called: Hematoma, Hemorrhage

Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen outside or inside the body. You may bleed when you get a cut or other wound. Bleeding can also be due to an injury to internal organs.

Sometimes bleeding can cause other problems. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease.

Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.

Symptoms of Bleeding

The following features are indicative of Bleeding:
  • blood from cuts or wounds
  • injury to internal organs
  • gastrointestinal bleeding
  • coughing up blood
  • vaginal bleeding

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Common Causes of Bleeding

The following are the most common causes of Bleeding:
  • traumatic injury
  • crushing injuries
  • hematoma
  • puncture wound
  • contusion

Risk Factors for Bleeding

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bleeding:
  • 65 years of age of older
  • history of stroke
  • history of gastrointestinal bleeding
  • recent myocardial infarction

Prevention of Bleeding

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bleeding. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • limiting the amount of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in case of gastrointestinal disorders

Occurrence of Bleeding

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bleeding cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not known

Common Age Group

Bleeding most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Not known

Common Gender

Bleeding most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Not known

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bleeding

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bleeding:
  • Complete blood and platelet count: To count the total number of blood cells and platelets
  • Bleeding time: To detect a platelet aggregation defect
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and Prothrombin time (TT): To measure intrinsic and extrinsic factors and common pathways

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bleeding

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bleeding:
  • Primary care provider

Complications of Bleeding if untreated

Yes, Bleeding causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bleeding is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Bleeding

The following procedures are used to treat Bleeding:
  • Surgery: To stop the bleeding

Self-care for Bleeding

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bleeding:
  • Use heating pad: Apply heating pad to lower belly area to relieve menstrual pain
  • Intake proper diet: Eat light but frequent meals
  • Walk or exercise regularly
  • Maintain proper weight: Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Avoid alcoholic drinks and smoking: Reduces the stomach acids and prevents ulcers

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bleeding

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bleeding:
  • Meditation: Helps relaxing and relieves stress
  • Do yoga: Helps relieving pain
  • Acupuncture: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
  • Acupressure: To stimulate certain points on the body to relieve menstrual pain

Patient Support for Treatment of Bleeding

The following actions may help Bleeding patients:
  • Talk early and often: Talk to your daughter about the changes she can expect in her body

Time for Treatment of Bleeding

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bleeding to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 3/05/2019.
This page provides information for Bleeding.
Bleeding Disorders
Blood Disorders
Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Platelet Disorders
Vaginal Bleeding

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