Involuntary twitching of the eyelid.

Symptoms of Blepharospasm

The following features are indicative of Blepharospasm:
  • blinking of eyes
  • twitching of eye muscles
  • dryness of eyes
  • sensitivity to bright light
  • fatigue in eye muscles
It is possible that Blepharospasm shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Blepharospasm

The following are the most common causes of Blepharospasm:
  • Meige's syndrome
  • use of antiparkinsonian drugs
  • multiple sclerosis
  • estrogen replacement therapy
  • prolonged use of benzodiazepines
  • abnormal functioning of basal ganglia

Risk Factors for Blepharospasm

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Blepharospasm:
  • prolonged use of benzodiazepines
  • hemifacial spasm (HFS)

Prevention of Blepharospasm

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Blepharospasm. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid prolonged use of benzodiazepines

Occurrence of Blepharospasm

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Blepharospasm cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Blepharospasm can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Blepharospasm can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Blepharospasm

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Blepharospasm:
  • Physical examination: To make a definitive diagnosis of benign essential blepharospasm

Doctor for Diagnosis of Blepharospasm

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Blepharospasm:
  • Neurologist
  • Opthalmogist

Complications of Blepharospasm if untreated

Yes, Blepharospasm causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Blepharospasm is left untreated:
  • functional blindness

Procedures for Treatment of Blepharospasm

The following procedures are used to treat Blepharospasm:
  • Protractor myectomy: To surgically remove muscles responsible for eyelid closure
  • Neuroplasticity based reeducation: To enable the brain to rewire itself and eliminate dystonic movements

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Blepharospasm

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Blepharospasm:
  • Biofeedback: Helps treating blepharospasm
  • Acupuncture: Helps relaxing eye muscles
  • Chiropractic: Helps relaxing eye muscles
  • Nutritional therapy: Helps treating the condition

Patient Support for Treatment of Blepharospasm

The following actions may help Blepharospasm patients:
  • Join support and advocacy groups: Help connecting with other patients who can provide valuable services

Time for Treatment of Blepharospasm

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Blepharospasm to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Blepharospasm.

Related Topics

Cervical Dystonia

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