Blood Clots

Also called: Hypercoagulability

Normally, if you get hurt, your body forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding. Some people get too many clots or their blood clots abnormally. Many conditions can cause the blood to clot too much or prevent blood clots from dissolving properly.

Risk factors for excessive blood clotting include

Blood clots can form in, or travel to, the blood vessels in the brain, heart, kidneys, lungs, and limbs. A clot in the veins deep in the limbs is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT usually affects the deep veins of the legs. If a blood clot in a deep vein breaks off and travels through the bloodstream to the lungs and blocks blood flow, the condition is called pulmonary embolism. Other complications of blood clots include stroke, heart attack, kidney problems and kidney failure, and pregnancy-related problems. Treatments for blood clots include blood thinners and other medicines.

Symptoms of Blood Clots

The following features are indicative of Blood Clots:
  • swelling of the leg or arm
  • unexplained pain or tenderness
  • skin that is warm to the touch
  • redness of the skin
  • difficulty breathing
  • faster than normal or irregular heartbeat
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • anxiety
  • coughing up blood
  • lightheadedness

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Common Causes of Blood Clots

The following are the most common causes of Blood Clots:
  • endothelial injury
  • abnormal blood flow
  • hypercoagulability

Risk Factors for Blood Clots

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Blood Clots:
  • older age
  • obesity
  • recent surgery or injury
  • use of estrogen-containing contraceptives
  • hormone replacement therapy
  • pregnancy and the postpartum period
  • previous blood clot
  • family history
  • active cancer or recent cancer treatment
  • varicose veins

Prevention of Blood Clots

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Blood Clots. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • move around after having been confined to bed such that after injury or surgery
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • avoid a sedentary lifestyle
  • wear loose fitting clothes

Occurrence of Blood Clots

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Blood Clots cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Blood Clots most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Blood Clots can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Blood Clots

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Blood Clots:
  • Duplex ultrasonography: To detect blood clots or blockages in the deep veins
  • D-dimer blood test: To measure a substance in the blood when a clot splits up
  • Contrast venography: To diagnose blood clots
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To diagnose blood clots

Doctor for Diagnosis of Blood Clots

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Blood Clots:
  • Hematologist

Complications of Blood Clots if untreated

Yes, Blood Clots causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Blood Clots is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Blood Clots

The following procedures are used to treat Blood Clots:
  • Clot removal: Removal of clot through surgery
  • Vein filter: To inhibit the clots from being carried into your lungs in people who can't take anticoagulant drugs

Self-care for Blood Clots

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Blood Clots:
  • Drink plenty of fluids: Preventing dehydration decreases the development of blood clots
  • Take a break from sitting: Take a moment to walk while driving or sitting to avoid formation of clots
  • Wear support stockings: Promote circulation and fluid movement in the legs

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Blood Clots

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Blood Clots:
  • Physical therapy: By doing exercises like stretching and strengthening helps in decreases the risk of blood clots

Patient Support for Treatment of Blood Clots

The following actions may help Blood Clots patients:
  • Join support research groups: Provides medical knowledge and care about the various blood disorders

Time for Treatment of Blood Clots

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Blood Clots to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Blood Clots.
Bleeding Disorders
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Platelet Disorders
Venous Thromboembolism

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