Blood Disorders

Also called: Hematologic diseases

Your blood is living tissue made up of liquid and solids. The liquid part, called plasma, is made of water, salts and protein. Over half of your blood is plasma. The solid part of your blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and prevent your blood from doing its job. They can be acute or chronic. Many blood disorders are inherited. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet.

Types of blood disorders include

Symptoms of Blood Disorders

The following features are indicative of Blood Disorders:
  • swelling
  • pain
  • tenderness
  • redness of the skin
  • difficulty in breathing
  • irregular heartbeat
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • coughing up blood
  • very low blood pressure
  • lightheadedness
  • bleeding into the joints
  • bleeding into the skin or muscle
  • bleeding of the mouth and gums
  • bleeding after circumcision
  • bleeding after having vaccine shots
  • blood in the stool or urine
  • nosebleeds
  • bleeding in the stomach or intestines
  • bruises
  • bleeding from the nose or umbilical cord
  • skin color that is paler than before
  • irritation
  • seizures
  • excessive sleepiness
  • heavy menstrual bleeding

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Common Causes of Blood Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Blood Disorders:
  • family history
  • genetic mutations

Risk Factors for Blood Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Blood Disorders:
  • genetic factors

Prevention of Blood Disorders

No, it is not possible to prevent Blood Disorders.
  • having two C677T variants
  • elevated homocysteine levels

Occurrence of Blood Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Blood Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not known

Common Age Group

Blood Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Blood Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Blood Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Blood Disorders:
  • Duplex ultrasonography: To detect blood clots or blockages in the deep veins
  • D-dimer blood test: To measure a substance in the blood when a clot splits up
  • Contrast venography: To diagnose blood clots
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To diagnose blood clots
  • Complete blood and platelet count: To count the total number of blood cells and platelets
  • Bleeding time: To detect a platelet aggregation defect
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and Prothrombin time (TT): To measure intrinsic and extrinsic factors and common pathways

Doctor for Diagnosis of Blood Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Blood Disorders:
  • Hematologist

Complications of Blood Disorders if untreated

Yes, Blood Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Blood Disorders is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Blood Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Blood Disorders:
  • Blood Transfusion: Blood is given to the patient through an intravenous (IV) line in one of patient's blood vessels
  • Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant: Replaces patient's faulty stem cells with healthy ones from a donor
  • Surgery: If you have life-threatening or serious bleeding that causes anemia

Medicines for Blood Disorders

Below is the list of medicines used for Blood Disorders:

Self-care for Blood Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Blood Disorders:
  • Eat vitamin-rich diet: Take a diet that includes a number of vitamins and nutrients
  • Go for genetic counseling: Talk to a genetic counselor about your risks and pass on of the risks to your children
  • Prevent malaria: Reduce exposure to mosquitoes

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Blood Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Blood Disorders:
  • Use vitamin or iron Supplements: Take vitamin or iron supplements helps maintaining health

Time for Treatment of Blood Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Blood Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Blood Disorders.
Bleeding Disorders
Blood Clots
Blood Count Tests
Blood Transfusion and Donation
Childhood Leukemia
Eosinophilic Disorders
Rh Incompatibility

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