Like other parts of the body, bones can get infected. The infections are usually bacterial, but can also be fungal. They may spread to the bone from nearby skin or muscles, or from another part of the body through the bloodstream. People who are at risk for bone infections include those with diabetes, poor circulation, or recent injury to the bone. You may also be at risk if you are having hemodialysis.

Symptoms of bone infections include

  • Pain in the infected area
  • Chills and fever
  • Swelling, warmth, and redness

A blood test or imaging test such as an x-ray can tell if you have a bone infection. Treatment includes antibiotics and often surgery.

Symptoms of Bone Infections

The following features are indicative of Bone Infections:
  • pus
  • impaired blood flow
  • sequestra
  • necrosis
  • arthritis
  • large subperiosteal abscesses

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Common Causes of Bone Infections

The following are the most common causes of Bone Infections:
  • intravenous drug abuse
  • infectious root-canaled teeth
  • bacterial infection
  • immunosuppressive therapy
  • compromised host resistance due to debilitation
  • prior removal of the spleen

Other Causes of Bone Infections

The following are the less common causes of Bone Infections:
  • bacteria introduced during bone surgery
  • bacteria introduced by trauma to bone
  • infection of bone
  • fractures
  • infection of prosthetic implants
  • infections in the bones via bloodstream
  • primary infection of the blood
  • septicaemia

Risk Factors for Bone Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bone Infections:
  • long term skin infections
  • inadequately controlled diabetes
  • poor blood circulation
  • arteriosclerosis
  • high blood pressure
  • cigarette smoking
  • prosthetic joints
  • use of intravenous drugs
  • sickle cell anaemia

Prevention of Bone Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bone Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • proper management of wounds
  • prompt medical attention for infections

Occurrence of Bone Infections

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bone Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Extremely rare less than 1000 cases

Common Age Group

Bone Infections most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Bone Infections can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bone Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bone Infections:
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging: To distinguish between soft tissues and bone infections and also determines the extent of infection

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bone Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bone Infections:
  • Orthopedic Surgeon

Complications of Bone Infections if untreated

Yes, Bone Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bone Infections is left untreated:
  • squamous cell carcinoma

Procedures for Treatment of Bone Infections

The following procedures are used to treat Bone Infections:
  • Surgery: Drain the infected area and remove the diseased bone and the tissue

Medicines for Bone Infections

Below is the list of medicines used for Bone Infections:

Self-care for Bone Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bone Infections:
  • Stay aware about treatment methods: One needs to learn how to care for the catheter that is inserted into the vein

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bone Infections

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bone Infections:
  • Use pipramool churna preparations: To prevent or cure infectious diseases
  • Use Shivakshar Pachan churna: Protect against enteric bacterial pathogens

Time for Treatment of Bone Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bone Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Is Bone Infections Infectious?

Yes, Bone Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • blood infection
  • wound
  • open injury

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bone Infections.

Related Topics

Bone Diseases

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