The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech, and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating.

Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease.

The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines, or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms.

Symptoms of Brain Diseases

The following features are indicative of Brain Diseases:
  • unusually intense emotion
  • changes in sleep patterns and activity levels
  • unusual behaviors
  • persistent sad or anxious mood
  • feeling of hopelessness
  • irritability
  • feeling of guilt, helplessness or worthlessness
  • loss of interest or pleasure in activities and hobbies
  • decreased energy or fatigue
  • talking or moving more slowly
  • headache
  • vertigo
  • nausea
  • indigestion
  • dry mouth
  • shortness of breath
  • frequent urination
  • urinary urgency

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Common Causes of Brain Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Brain Diseases:
  • long-term stress
  • neurological conditions or injury
  • obesity
  • smoking
  • history of child abuse
  • family history of mental disorders
  • major depressive disorder

Other Causes of Brain Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Brain Diseases:
  • non-psychiatric illnesses
  • psychiatric syndromes
  • personality disorder

Risk Factors for Brain Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Brain Diseases:
  • having a first-degree relative
  • periods of high stress
  • alcohol or drug abuse
  • personal or family history of depression
  • major life changes
  • trauma
  • stress

Prevention of Brain Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Brain Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • identification and motivation of the risk participants

Occurrence of Brain Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Brain Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Brain Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Brain Diseases can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Brain Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Brain Diseases:
  • ICD-10 criteria: To diagnose bipolar disorder
  • Physical examination: To check the signs and symptoms of depression
  • Lab tests: To measure complete blood count and the functioning of thyroid
  • DSM-5 criteria: To diagnose mental problems or conditions
  • GAD-7 screening: Psychiatrist evaluates the person by asking him 7 different questions and classifies the disease accordingly on the basis score obtained

Doctor for Diagnosis of Brain Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Brain Diseases:
  • Psychiatrist
  • Psychologist

Complications of Brain Diseases if untreated

Yes, Brain Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Brain Diseases is left untreated:
  • problems related to alcohol or drug use
  • poor work or school performance
  • excess weight or obesity
  • pain and physical illness
  • anxiety
  • panic disorder
  • social phobia
  • family conflicts
  • relationship difficulties
  • social isolation
  • suicidal feelings
  • suicide attempts
  • self-mutilation
  • can be fatal
  • neuropsychiatric disorders

Procedures for Treatment of Brain Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Brain Diseases:
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy: Identify and replace unhealthy, negative behaviors and beliefs
  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy: Stabilization of daily rhythms such as mealtimes, waking and sleeping
  • Family-focused therapy: Family support and communication help to recognize and manage signs of mood swings

Self-care for Brain Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Brain Diseases:
  • Quit drinking or using recreational drugs: Avoid alcohol or drug abuse
  • Make a healthy routine: A regular and a healthy routine for eating, physical activity and sleeping can help balance your mood
  • Consider keeping a mood chart: Keep a record of your daily moods, sleep, treatments and activities
  • Quit smoking and coffee: Both nicotine and caffeine worsens the condition of anxiety
  • Use relaxation techniques : Eases the anxiety
  • Take proper sleep: Enough sleep can help to reduce the anxiety
  • Eat healthy food: Vegetables, fruits, whole grains and fish can help to reduce the anxiety

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Brain Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Brain Diseases:
  • Intake passionflower supplements: Helps to reduces the anxiety

Patient Support for Treatment of Brain Diseases

The following actions may help Brain Diseases patients:
  • Learn about bipolar disorder: Get proper education about your condition and its treatment options
  • Stay focused on your goals: Stay motivated to manage bipolar disorder
  • Join a support group: Connect to others people with same conditions and share experience

Time for Treatment of Brain Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Brain Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 10/02/2019.
This page provides information for Brain Diseases.
Alzheimer's Disease
Brain Malformations
Brain Tumors
Cerebellar Disorders
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
Degenerative Nerve Diseases
Genetic Brain Disorders
Traumatic Brain Injury

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