Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Chronic lung disease requiring treatment with oxygen for at least 28 days and with a spectrum of severity from mild to severe, that predominantly affects premature infants. While the radiologic pattern is typical in the closer to term patient, the pattern in the small preterm infant is very non-discrete and variable

Symptoms of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following features are indicative of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • rapid breathing
  • bluish skin color
  • shortness of breath
  • cough

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Common Causes of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following are the most common causes of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • receiving high levels of oxygen for a long period
  • ventilation

Risk Factors for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • prematurity
  • congenital heart disease
  • severe lung infection

Prevention of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • prevent baby from getting cold or fever

Occurrence of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • At birth

Common Gender

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • Echocardiography: To rule out heart defects
  • Chest X ray: To see infection in the lungs
  • Blood test: To see whether an infant has enough oxygen in blood

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • Pulmonologist

Complications of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia if untreated

Yes, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia is left untreated:
  • hypoxemia
  • oral-tactile hypersensitivity
  • hypercapnia
  • crackles
  • wheezing

Procedures for Treatment of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following procedures are used to treat Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • Oxygen therapy: To deliver sufficient amount of oxygen

Self-care for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia:
  • Prevent respiratory syncytial virus: By protecting children from getting cold and fever

Patient Support for Treatment of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

The following actions may help Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia patients:
  • Parents support: Avoid contact from infected persons suffering from cold or fever to children

Time for Treatment of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

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