Also called: Contusion, Ecchymoses

A bruise is a mark on your skin caused by blood trapped under the surface. It happens when an injury crushes small blood vessels but does not break the skin. Those vessels break open and leak blood under the skin.

Bruises are often painful and swollen. You can get skin, muscle and bone bruises. Bone bruises are the most serious.

It can take months for a bruise to fade, but most last about two weeks. They start off a reddish color, and then turn bluish-purple and greenish-yellow before returning to normal. To reduce bruising, ice the injured area and elevate it above your heart. See your healthcare provider if you seem to bruise for no reason, or if the bruise appears to be infected.

Symptoms of Bruises

The following features are indicative of Bruises:
  • pain
  • swelling
  • difficulty in moving a limb
  • the feeling of liquid under the skin

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Common Causes of Bruises

The following are the most common causes of Bruises:
  • blood trapped under the surface due to injury
  • internal bleeding
  • accidents
  • falls
  • surgeries
  • patients with coagulation disorders

Other Causes of Bruises

The following are the less common causes of Bruises:
  • ehlers-danlos syndrome
  • domestic abuse

Risk Factors for Bruises

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Bruises:
  • exercising rigorously
  • thin skin in elderly people
  • vitamin C deficiency
  • sign of physical abuse of the child

Prevention of Bruises

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Bruises. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • teach children how to be safe
  • avoid falls
  • wear sports equipment while playing

Occurrence of Bruises

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Bruises cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Bruises can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Bruises can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Bruises

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Bruises:
  • Coagulation tests: To test full blood counts and prothrombin time

Doctor for Diagnosis of Bruises

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Bruises:
  • Emergency physician

Complications of Bruises if untreated

Yes, Bruises causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Bruises is left untreated:
  • scurvy
  • cerebral haemorrhage
  • hemopericardium

Self-care for Bruises

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Bruises:
  • Have healthy Diet: Eating a healthy diet helps in healing the disease
  • Exercise regularly: Give protection against unintentional bruising

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Bruises

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Bruises:
  • Homeopathic arnica therapy: Controls bruising, reduce swelling and promote recovery

Time for Treatment of Bruises

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Bruises to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Bruises.
Bleeding Disorders
Platelet Disorders

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