Cancer begins in the cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, new cells form as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes, this process goes wrong. New cells form when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. The extra cells can form a tumor. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Malignant tumor cells can invade nearby tissues or break away and spread to other parts of the body.

Children can get cancer in the same parts of the body as adults, but there are differences. Childhood cancers can occur suddenly, without early symptoms, and have a high rate of cure. The most common children's cancer is leukemia. Other cancers that affect children include brain tumors, lymphoma, and soft tissue sarcoma. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Treatment may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Symptoms of Cancer in Children

The following features are indicative of Cancer in Children:
  • unusual lump
  • unexplained paleness
  • easy bruising
  • unexplained fever
  • headache
  • vision changes
  • unexplained weight loss
It is possible that Cancer in Children shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Cancer in Children

The following are the most common causes of Cancer in Children:
  • being overweight
  • smoking
  • drinking alcohol
  • DNA mutations
  • radiation exposure

Risk Factors for Cancer in Children

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cancer in Children:
  • being overweight
  • eating an unhealthy diet
  • smoking
  • drinking alcohol
  • radiation exposure

Prevention of Cancer in Children

No, it is not possible to prevent Cancer in Children.
  • family inheritance

Occurrence of Cancer in Children

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cancer in Children cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Cancer in Children most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 0-20 years

Common Gender

Cancer in Children can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cancer in Children

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cancer in Children:
  • X-rays: To create the images of inside cells
  • Biopsy: To look cancer cells

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cancer in Children

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cancer in Children:
  • Pediatric oncologists
  • Pediatric surgeons
  • Radiation oncologists
  • Pediatric oncology nurse
  • Nurse practitioners

Complications of Cancer in Children if untreated

Yes, Cancer in Children causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Cancer in Children is left untreated:
  • metabolic complications
  • cardiovascular complications

Procedures for Treatment of Cancer in Children

The following procedures are used to treat Cancer in Children:
  • Surgery: Removes the affected organ before cancer spread to other part
  • Radiation therapy: Damage the cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: Helps in inhibiting the cancer growth

Self-care for Cancer in Children

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cancer in Children:
  • Avoid radiation exposure: Avoid harmful radiations exposure at your workplace

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cancer in Children

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cancer in Children:
  • Acupuncture: Helpful in pain management
  • Massage therapy: Reduces pain, nausea, fatigue and depression caused due to cancer

Patient Support for Treatment of Cancer in Children

The following actions may help Cancer in Children patients:
  • Interaction with Child: Talk with your children about their cancer and preparing them for changes

Time for Treatment of Cancer in Children

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Cancer in Children to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cancer in Children.
Childhood Brain Tumors
Childhood Leukemia
Wilms Tumor

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