A headache disorder that is characterized by periodic severe, unilateral orbital, supraorbital, and/or temporal pain, and is associated with ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms.

Symptoms of Cluster Headache

The following features are indicative of Cluster Headache:
  • excruciating pain and shoulders
  • one-sided pain
  • restlessness
  • excessive tearing
  • redness in eye on the affected side
  • stuffy or runny nose on the affected side
  • forehead or facial sweating
  • pale skin (pallor) or flushing on face
  • swelling around the eye on the affected side
  • drooping eyelid
It is possible that Cluster Headache shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Cluster Headache

The following are the most common causes of Cluster Headache:
  • abnormalities in the body's biological clock (hypothalamus)
  • hormonal changes
  • stress
  • drinking alcohol
  • use of nitroglycerin

Risk Factors for Cluster Headache

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cluster Headache:
  • middle age
  • men
  • smoking
  • alcohol use
  • family history

Prevention of Cluster Headache

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Cluster Headache. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • avoid alcohol
  • avoid foods that trigger a cluster headache

Occurrence of Cluster Headache

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cluster Headache cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Extremely rare less than 1000 cases

Common Age Group

Cluster Headache most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Cluster Headache can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cluster Headache

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cluster Headache:
  • Neurological examination: To detect physical signs of a cluster headache
  • Computed tomography: To create detailed cross-sectional images of the brain
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To produce detailed images of brain and blood vessels

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cluster Headache

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cluster Headache:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Cluster Headache if untreated

Yes, Cluster Headache causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Cluster Headache is left untreated:
  • muscle weakness in the jaw
  • sensory loss in certain areas of the face and head

Procedures for Treatment of Cluster Headache

The following procedures are used to treat Cluster Headache:
  • Surgery: To treat chronic cluster headaches

Self-care for Cluster Headache

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cluster Headache:
  • Stick to a regular sleep schedule: To be in a healthy sleep
  • Avoid alcohol: To avoid severe attack

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cluster Headache

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cluster Headache:
  • Eat foods containing capsaicin: To avoid severity of headache

Patient Support for Treatment of Cluster Headache

The following actions may help Cluster Headache patients:
  • Support and advocacy groups: Can help to connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services

Time for Treatment of Cluster Headache

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Cluster Headache to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cluster Headache.

Related Topics

Tension Headaches

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