Paroxysms of discomfort characterized by abrupt onset and remission. This typically occurs when a hollow organ or supporting structure is obstructed.

Symptoms of Colic

The following features are indicative of Colic:
  • baby crying for 3 hours a day or 3 days a day or 3 weeks a month
  • fever
  • poor activity
  • legs pulled up to the stomach
  • flushed face
  • clenched hands
  • wrinkled brow
  • high pitched cry

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Common Causes of Colic

The following are the most common causes of Colic:
  • constipation
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • lactose intolerance
  • anal fissures
  • subdural hematomas
  • infantile migraine

Other Causes of Colic

The following are the less common causes of Colic:
  • cow's milk allergy
  • hyperperistalsis of the digestive tube
  • cigarette smoke during pregnancy

Risk Factors for Colic

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Colic:
  • cigarette smoke during pregnancy

Prevention of Colic

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Colic. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • hold baby as upright as possible during feedings
  • switch baby's formula
  • change feeding bottles

Occurrence of Colic

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Colic cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Colic most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Less than 1 year old

Common Gender

Colic can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Colic

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Colic:
  • Physical examination: To identify any possible causes for baby's distress, such as a blockage in baby's intestines
  • X-rays: To exclude other conditions as possible causes

Doctor for Diagnosis of Colic

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Colic:
  • Pediatrician

Complications of Colic if untreated

Yes, Colic causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Colic is left untreated:
  • frustrations

Self-care for Colic

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Colic:
  • Hold baby as upright as possible during feedings: Helps provide baby with rich, fatty hindmilk, thirst-quenching foremilk present at the start of a feeding
  • Switch baby's formula: Helps the babies who are allergic to cow's milk or has a milk intolerance
  • Change bottles: Using a different type of bottle or nipple could help ease some of baby's symptoms

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Colic

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Colic:
  • Sugar or gripe water (a mix of water and herbs): Helps prevent baby from allergy
  • Massage therapy: Helps keeping baby calm
  • Chiropractic manipulation: Helps to soothe the crying infants
  • Acupuncture: Makes the baby to stay calm

Time for Treatment of Colic

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Colic to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Colic.

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