Colonic Diseases

Also called: Large intestine diseases

Your colon, also known as the large intestine, is part of your digestive system. It's a long, hollow tube at the end of your digestive tract where your body makes and stores stool. Many disorders affect the colon's ability to work properly. Some of these include

Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. Treatment may involve diet, medicines and in some cases, surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Colonic Diseases

The following features are indicative of Colonic Diseases:
  • abdominal cramping
  • ulcers of the colon and rectum
  • inflammation of pouches in the colon
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • rectal bleeding
  • abdominal discomfort
  • weakness
  • mucus in the stool
  • bloated feeling
  • inability to defecate despite urgency
  • weight loss
  • fatigue
  • fever
It is possible that Colonic Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Colonic Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Colonic Diseases:
  • genetic mutations
  • abnormalities in the gastrointestinal nervous system
  • immune system malfunctioning
  • inadequate diet
  • stress

Risk Factors for Colonic Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Colonic Diseases:
  • African-Americans population
  • history of colorectal polyps
  • inflammatory intestinal conditions
  • inherited syndromes
  • family history of the disease
  • low-fiber and high-fat diet
  • a sedentary lifestyle
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • smoking
  • more alcohol consumption
  • radiation therapy for cancer
  • people under age 45
  • mental health problem
  • Ashkenazi Jewish descent
  • isotretinoin use

Prevention of Colonic Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Colonic Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • take fibrous diet
  • intake of probiotics
  • progressive relaxation exercises
  • deep breathing relaxes the abdominal muscles, which may lead to more-normal bowel activity
  • limit dairy products
  • try low-fat foods
  • avoid spicy foods, alcohol and caffeine

Occurrence of Colonic Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Colonic Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Colonic Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Colonic Diseases can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Colonic Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Colonic Diseases:
  • Colonoscopy: To screen the early signs of cancer in the colon and rectum
  • Blood tests: To test for anemia or infection
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: To examine the last section of the colon
  • Upper endoscopy: To examine the esophagus and stomach
  • X-ray: To see the abdominal area
  • Computerized tomography scan: To get detailed pictures of entire bowel
  • Stool tests: To examine the stool for bacteria or parasites

Doctor for Diagnosis of Colonic Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Colonic Diseases:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Colonic Diseases if untreated

Yes, Colonic Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Colonic Diseases is left untreated:
  • inflammation of the bowel wall
  • bowel obstruction
  • ulcers
  • fistulas
  • anal fissure
  • hemorrhoids
  • impact overall quality of life
  • severe bleeding
  • perforated colon
  • severe dehydration
  • liver disease
  • osteoporosis
  • inflammation of skin, joints and eyes, and sores in the lining of mouth
  • increased risk of colon cancer
  • toxic megacolon
  • increased risk of blood clots in veins and arteries

Procedures for Treatment of Colonic Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Colonic Diseases:
  • Proctocolectomy: To eliminate ulcerative colitis

Self-care for Colonic Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Colonic Diseases:
  • Eliminate high-gas foods: Decreases the chances of disease
  • Eliminate gluten taking food: Shows improvement in diarrhea symptoms
  • Eat at regular times: Try to eat about the same time each day
  • Drink plenty of liquids: Try to drink plenty of fluids every day
  • Exercise regularly: Stimulates normal contractions of the intestines
  • Limit dairy products: Helps eliminating the disease
  • Try low-fat foods: Helps eliminating the disease
  • Limit fiber intake: Helps prevent symptoms from worsening

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Colonic Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Colonic Diseases:
  • Acupuncture therapy: Improves the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
  • Consume probiotics: Eases the symptoms
  • Do regular exercise, yoga, massage or meditation: Relieves stress
  • Gut-Directed Hypnotherapy: Relax the muscles in the colon
  • Intake herbal and nutritional supplements: Helps treating the disease
  • Intake fish oil supplements: Helps in treating the disease
  • Use aloe vera gel: Helps by showing anti-inflammatory effect
  • Consume turmeric preparations: Helps by showing anti-inflammatory effect

Patient Support for Treatment of Colonic Diseases

The following actions may help Colonic Diseases patients:
  • Counseling: Helps in reducing the chances of worsening the symptoms
  • Learn about IBS: Helps you take better charge of it
  • Seek out others with irritable bowel syndrome: Join irritable bowel syndrome support groups on the Internet or in your community

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Colonic Diseases.
Colonic Polyps
Colorectal Cancer
Crohn's Disease
Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis
Intestinal Obstruction
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Ulcerative Colitis

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