Also called: Brain concussion

A concussion is a type of brain injury. It's the most minor form. Technically, a concussion is a short loss of normal brain function in response to a head injury. But people often use it to describe any minor injury to the head or brain.

Concussions are a common type of sports injury. You can also have one if you suffer a blow to the head or hit your head after a fall.

Symptoms of a concussion may not start right away; they may start days or weeks after the injury. Symptoms may include a headache or neck pain. You may also have nausea, ringing in your ears, dizziness, or tiredness. You may feel dazed or not your normal self for several days or weeks after the injury. Consult your health care professional if any of your symptoms get worse, or if you have more serious symptoms such as

  • Seizures
  • Trouble walking or sleeping
  • Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Confusion
  • Slurred speech

Doctors use a neurologic exam and imaging tests to diagnose a concussion. Most people recover fully after a concussion, but it can take some time. Rest is very important after a concussion because it helps the brain to heal.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Concussion

The following features are indicative of Concussion:
  • headache
  • loss of memory
  • confusion
  • neck pain
  • nausea
  • ringing in your ears
  • dizziness
  • slurred speech
  • seizures
  • appearing dazed
  • fatigue
It is possible that Concussion shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Concussion

The following are the most common causes of Concussion:
  • sport injuries
  • bicycle accidents
  • car accidents
  • falls
  • brain injuries
  • head strikes

Risk Factors for Concussion

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Concussion:
  • being a soldier involved in combat
  • previous concussion
  • physical abuse victim
  • bicycle accident
  • being involved in a motor vehicle collision
  • participating in a high-risk sport

Prevention of Concussion

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Concussion. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wearing seat belts in motor vehicle
  • using airbags in cars
  • wear helmets while riding vehicles
  • keep floors free of clutter

Occurrence of Concussion

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Concussion cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Concussion can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Concussion can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Concussion

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Concussion:
  • Neurological tests: To measure the cognitive function
  • Cognitive testing: To evaluate the thinking skills during the neurological examination
  • Brain imaging test: To determine the condition of the injury
  • Cranial computerized tomography scan: To view the cross-sectional images of the skull and brain
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To determine the changes in the brain

Doctor for Diagnosis of Concussion

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Concussion:
  • Neurologists
  • Physical therapists
  • Occupational therapists
  • Physiatrists
  • Rehabilitation professionals
  • Neuropsychologist
  • Neurosurgeon

Complications of Concussion if untreated

Yes, Concussion causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Concussion is left untreated:
  • dementia
  • Parkinson's disease
  • depression
  • brain death
  • coma
  • seizures
  • infections
  • blood vessels damage
  • intellectual problems
  • cognitive problems
  • communication problems
  • sensory problems
  • emotional changes
  • behavioral changes
  • social problems

Procedures for Treatment of Concussion

The following procedures are used to treat Concussion:
  • Physical and cognitive rest: Helps in disease treatment

Self-care for Concussion

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Concussion:
  • Wear protective sportswear: Wearing protective gear during sports and other recreational activities
  • Buckling seat belt: Prevent serious injury
  • Making your home safe: Avoid falls around the home that may cause head injury
  • Exercise regularly: Strengthen the leg muscles and improve your balance

Time for Treatment of Concussion

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Concussion to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 8/20/2019.
This page provides information for Concussion.
Head Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury

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