Congenital tuberculosis

Symptoms of Congenital tuberculosis

The following features are indicative of Congenital tuberculosis:
  • poor feeding
  • fever
  • irritability
  • failure to thrive
  • failure to gain weight
  • cough
  • respiratory distress
  • hepatosplenomegaly
  • splenomegaly
  • lymphadenopathy
  • abdominal distension
It is possible that Congenital tuberculosis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Congenital tuberculosis

The following are the most common causes of Congenital tuberculosis:
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria

Risk Factors for Congenital tuberculosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Congenital tuberculosis:
  • women of childbearing age
  • extrapulmonary tuberculosis in pregnancy
  • miliary tuberculosis in pregnancy
  • meningeal tuberculosis in pregnancy

Prevention of Congenital tuberculosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Congenital tuberculosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • reduce close contact with the baby
  • maintain personal hygiene during breastfeeding

Occurrence of Congenital tuberculosis

Common Age Group

Congenital tuberculosis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • At birth

Common Gender

Congenital tuberculosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Congenital tuberculosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Congenital tuberculosis:
  • Blood test: To rule out latent or active tuberculosis
  • TST (Tuberculin skin test): To detect the main cause of infection
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test: To diagnosis DNA abnormality
  • Liver biopsy: To identify the cause of liver damage
  • Liver ultrasound: To diagnose liver abnormality

Complications of Congenital tuberculosis if untreated

Yes, Congenital tuberculosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Congenital tuberculosis is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Self-care for Congenital tuberculosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Congenital tuberculosis:
  • reduce close contact with the baby
  • maintain personal hygiene during breast feeding
  • wash hands properly
  • use face mask

Is Congenital tuberculosis Infectious?

Yes, Congenital tuberculosis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spread from mother to the fetus through transplacental transmission

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Congenital tuberculosis.

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