Constipation in Children

Irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels.

Symptoms of Constipation in Children

The following features are indicative of Constipation in Children:
  • less than three bowel movements a week
  • bowel movements that are hard, dry and difficult to pass
  • pain while having a bowel movement
  • abdominal pain
  • blood on the surface of hard stool
  • traces of liquid or stool in a child's underwear
It is possible that Constipation in Children shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Constipation in Children

The following are the most common causes of Constipation in Children:
  • ignoring the urge to use the toilet
  • inadequate fluid intake
  • lack of physical activity
  • not drinking enough fluids
  • obstruction by colorectal cancer
  • changes in situation, such as travel, starting school, or stressful events
  • allergy to cow's milk or consuming too many dairy products

Risk Factors for Constipation in Children

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Constipation in Children:
  • not eating enough fiber
  • not drinking enough fluids
  • antidepressants
  • medical condition affecting the anus or rectum
  • family history of constipation

Prevention of Constipation in Children

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Constipation in Children. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • adequate fluid intake
  • create a toilet routine
  • high-fiber diet
  • regular physical activity

Occurrence of Constipation in Children

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Constipation in Children cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Constipation in Children most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 2-4 years

Common Gender

Constipation in Children can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Constipation in Children

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Constipation in Children:
  • Abdominal X-ray: To identify blockages in the child's abdomen
  • Rectal biopsy: To check rectum activity
  • Blood tests: To measure the thyroid hormone level

Doctor for Diagnosis of Constipation in Children

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Constipation in Children:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Hepatologist

Complications of Constipation in Children if untreated

Yes, Constipation in Children causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Constipation in Children is left untreated:
  • painful breaks in the skin around the anus
  • rectal prolapse
  • stool withholding
  • bowel obstruction

Self-care for Constipation in Children

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Constipation in Children:
  • Increase fiber intake: Increases the weight of stool and speeds its passage through intestines
  • Adequate fluids: Help soften the child's stool
  • Adequate time for bowel movements: Encourage the child to sit on the toilet for five to 10 minutes within 30 minutes after each meal

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Constipation in Children

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Constipation in Children:
  • Acupuncture: May be helpful in treating constipation

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Constipation in Children.

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