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Corns and calluses are caused by pressure or friction on your skin. They often appear on feet where the bony parts of your feet rub against your shoes. Corns usually appear on the tops or sides of toes while calluses form on the soles of feet. Calluses also can appear on hands or other areas that are rubbed or pressed.

Wearing shoes that fit better or using non-medicated pads may help. While bathing, gently rub the corn or callus with a washcloth or pumice stone to help reduce the size. To avoid infection, do not try to shave off the corn or callus. See your doctor, especially if you have diabetes or circulation problems.

NIH: National Institute on Aging

Symptoms of Corns and Calluses

The following features are indicative of Corns and Calluses:
  • thick or rough area of skin
  • hardened or raised bump
  • tenderness or pain under the skin
  • flaky, dry or waxy skin

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Common Causes of Corns and Calluses

The following are the most common causes of Corns and Calluses:
  • wearing ill-fitting shoes
  • skipping socks
  • using hand tools repeatedly
  • repeated pressure of playing instruments

Risk Factors for Corns and Calluses

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Corns and Calluses:
  • Bunions
  • Hammertoe deformity
  • bone spur

Prevention of Corns and Calluses

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Corns and Calluses. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wear shoes that give toes enough space
  • use protective coverings
  • wear felt pads, non-medicated corn pads or bandages over areas that rub against footwear
  • wear padded gloves when using hand tools

Occurrence of Corns and Calluses

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Corns and Calluses cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Corns and Calluses most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Corns and Calluses can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Corns and Calluses

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Corns and Calluses:
  • Physical exam: To examine feet and rule out other causes of thickened skin, such as warts and cysts
  • X-ray: To take an X-ray of hand or foot to see if a physical abnormality is causing the corn or callus

Doctor for Diagnosis of Corns and Calluses

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Corns and Calluses:
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Corns and Calluses if untreated

Yes, Corns and Calluses causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Corns and Calluses is left untreated:
  • prone to ulcers and infections

Procedures for Treatment of Corns and Calluses

The following procedures are used to treat Corns and Calluses:
  • Surgery: To correct the alignment of a bone causing friction

Self-care for Corns and Calluses

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Corns and Calluses:
  • Soak hands or feet in warm water: Helps softening corns and calluses
  • Thin thickened skin: Help remove a layer of toughened skin
  • Moisturize skin: Helps in keeping the skin soft

Time for Treatment of Corns and Calluses

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Corns and Calluses to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Corns and Calluses.
Corns and Calluses
Corns and Calluses
Corns and Calluses
Corns and Calluses
Corns and Calluses
Corns and Calluses

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