A bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes resulting from a reduced concentration of oxygenated hemoglobin in the blood.

Symptoms of Cyanosis

The following features are indicative of Cyanosis:
  • bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes

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Common Causes of Cyanosis

The following are the most common causes of Cyanosis:
  • lack of oxygen in the blood
  • blood clot in the arteries of the lungs
  • high altitude
  • long-term lung problems
  • pneumonia
  • Raynaud phenomenon
  • heart defects that are present at birth

Risk Factors for Cyanosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cyanosis:
  • exposure to cold air or water
  • lung disorders

Prevention of Cyanosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Cyanosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • smoking cessation
  • physical activity reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease which leads to cyanosis

Occurrence of Cyanosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cyanosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Cyanosis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Cyanosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cyanosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cyanosis:
  • Electrocardiogram: To diagnose myocardial infarctions
  • Chest X-ray: To diagnose pulmonary embolism

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cyanosis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cyanosis:
  • Pulmonologist
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Cyanosis if untreated

It is not know if Cyanosis causes complications if left untreated.

Self-care for Cyanosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cyanosis:
  • Dress warmly when going outside: To prevent exposure to cold or Raynaud phenomenon

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cyanosis.

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