Symptoms of Cystitis

The following features are indicative of Cystitis:
  • chronic pelvic pain
  • pain in your pelvis
  • pain between the scrotum and anus in men
  • persistent, urgent need to urinate
  • frequent urination
  • discomfort while the bladder fills and relief after urinating
  • pain during sexual intercourse

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Common Causes of Cystitis

The following are the most common causes of Cystitis:
  • an autoimmune reaction
  • allergy
  • heredity

Risk Factors for Cystitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Cystitis:
  • fair skin and red hair color
  • women
  • 30s or older age
  • having a chronic pain disorder

Prevention of Cystitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Cystitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink lots of fluids
  • gently wash the skin around the vagina and anus
  • empty bladder as soon as possible after intercourse
  • limit using deodorant sprays or feminine products in the genital area

Occurrence of Cystitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Cystitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Cystitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Cystitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Cystitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Cystitis:
  • Medical history and bladder diary: To measure the volume of fluids you drink and the volume of urine you pass
  • Pelvic exam: To assess the external genitals, vagina and cervix
  • Urine test: To evaluate the signs of a urinary tract infection
  • Cystoscopy: To determine the bladder capacity
  • Biopsy: To diagnose the bladder cancer and other rare causes of bladder pain
  • Urine cytology: To assess the presence of cancer
  • Potassium sensitivity test: To evaluate the interstitial cystitis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Cystitis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Cystitis:
  • Urologist
  • Urogynecologist

Complications of Cystitis if untreated

Yes, Cystitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Cystitis is left untreated:
  • stiffening of the bladder wall
  • lower quality of life
  • sexual intimacy problems
  • emotional stress
  • depression

Procedures for Treatment of Cystitis

The following procedures are used to treat Cystitis:
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: Raises the blood flow to the bladder and lowers the pelvic pain
  • Sacral nerve stimulation: Lowers the urinary urgency associated with interstitial cystitis
  • Bladder distention: Improves the symptoms
  • Surgery: Lowers the pain and treats the interstitial cystitis

Self-care for Cystitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Cystitis:
  • Dietary changes: Limiting the foods in the diet that irritate your bladder
  • Bladder training: To control urinary urges by using relaxation techniques
  • Wear loose clothing: Do not wear belts or clothes that put pressure on the abdomen
  • Avoid smoking: Provides relief and helpful in preventing bladder cancer
  • By lowering the stress: Improves the quality of life
  • Exercise: Lowers the interstitial cystitis symptoms

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Cystitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Cystitis:
  • Guided imagery: To help you imagine healing
  • Acupuncture: Reduces the pain and other symptoms by rebalancing the flow of life energy

Patient Support for Treatment of Cystitis

The following actions may help Cystitis patients:
  • Support group: By joining support group, provides sympathetic listening and useful information about the interstitial cystitis

Time for Treatment of Cystitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Cystitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Cystitis.

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