Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

A disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent episodes of feeling detached from one's self (either one's body or one's mental processes), although the sufferer remains aware that this is only a feeling and does not represent reality.

Symptoms of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

The following features are indicative of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome:
  • feelings that you are an outside observer of the thoughts
  • feeling like a robot
  • the sense that body, arms and legs appear distorted, shrunken, enlarged
  • emotional numbness of senses
  • physical numbness of senses
  • a sense that memories lack emotion
  • feelings of being alienated from surroundings
  • feeling emotionally disconnected from people
  • distortions in perception of time
  • distortions of distance

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Common Causes of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

The following are the most common causes of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome:
  • emotional stress
  • trauma
  • fear

Risk Factors for Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome:
  • certain personality traits
  • severe trauma
  • severe stress
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • using recreational drugs

Prevention of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Depersonalization-derealization syndrome.

Occurrence of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Depersonalization-derealization syndrome most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 13-65 years

Common Gender

Depersonalization-derealization syndrome can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Depersonalization-derealization syndrome:
  • Physical exam: To look out signs and symptoms of disease
  • Psychiatric evaluation: It helps to determine the depersonalization-derealization disorder
  • DSM-5 criteria (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders): To compare the symptoms listed in DSM-5

Complications of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome if untreated

Yes, Depersonalization-derealization syndrome causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Depersonalization-derealization syndrome is left untreated:
  • difficulty focusing on tasks
  • difficulty remembering things
  • Interference with work and other routine activities
  • problems in relationships with family and friends
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • sense of hopelessness

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome:
  • Psychotherapy: It helps to control the symptoms

Patient Support for Treatment of Depersonalization-derealization syndrome

The following actions may help Depersonalization-derealization syndrome patients:
  • Joining a support group: Meeting people who are facing the similar challenges encourage the affected person

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Depersonalization-derealization syndrome.

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