Diabetes Insipidus

Also called: DI

Diabetes insipidus (DI) causes frequent urination. You become extremely thirsty, so you drink. Then you urinate. This cycle can keep you from sleeping or even make you wet the bed. Your body produces lots of urine that is almost all water.

DI is different from diabetes mellitus (DM), which involves insulin problems and high blood sugar. The symptoms can be similar. However, DI is related to how your kidneys handle fluids. It's much less common than DM. Urine and blood tests can show which one you have.

Usually, DI is caused by a problem with your pituitary gland or your kidneys. Treatment depends on the cause of the problem. Medicines can often help.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus

The following features are indicative of Diabetes Insipidus:
  • intense thirst
  • excretion of large amounts of urine
It is possible that Diabetes Insipidus shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Diabetes Insipidus

The following are the most common causes of Diabetes Insipidus:
  • damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus
  • inherited genetic disorder
  • defect in the kidney tubules

Risk Factors for Diabetes Insipidus

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Diabetes Insipidus:
  • genetic factor
  • being male

Prevention of Diabetes Insipidus

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Diabetes Insipidus. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink more liquids
  • eat nutritional food

Occurrence of Diabetes Insipidus

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Diabetes Insipidus cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very rare between 1K - 10K cases

Common Age Group

Diabetes Insipidus can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Diabetes Insipidus can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Diabetes Insipidus:
  • Water deprivation test: To measure the urine output and the concentration of the urine and blood
  • Urinalysis: To check the physical and chemical examination of urine
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To construct detailed pictures of brain tissues
  • Genetic screening: To suspect an inherited form of diabetes insipidus

Doctor for Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus:
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Diabetes Insipidus if untreated

Yes, Diabetes Insipidus causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Diabetes Insipidus is left untreated:
  • dehydration
  • electrolyte imbalance

Procedures for Treatment of Diabetes Insipidus

The following procedures are used to treat Diabetes Insipidus:
  • Desmopressin hormone therapy: Helps in managing symptoms of central and dipsogenic diabetes insipidus

Medicines for Diabetes Insipidus

Self-care for Diabetes Insipidus

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Diabetes Insipidus:
  • Prevent dehydration: Have access to water prevents the complications of diabetes insipidus

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Diabetes Insipidus

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Diabetes Insipidus:
  • Suck on ice chips: Lowers the desire to drink
  • Suck sour candies: To moisten the mouths and increase saliva flow

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Diabetes Insipidus.

Related Topics

Pituitary Disorders

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