A metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels due to diminished production of insulin or insulin resistance/desensitization

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

The following features are indicative of Diabetes Mellitus:
  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • extreme hunger
  • unexplained weight loss
  • presence of ketones in the urine
  • fatigue
  • irritability
  • blurred vision
  • slow-healing sores
  • frequent infections

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Common Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

The following are the most common causes of Diabetes Mellitus:
  • loss of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreatic islets
  • insulin resistance
  • lack of physical activity
  • poor diet
  • stress
  • urbanization

Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Diabetes Mellitus:
  • family history
  • environmental factors
  • presence of damaging immune system cells
  • dietary factors
  • overweight
  • black race
  • older age
  • gestational diabetes
  • polycystic ovary syndrome
  • high blood pressure
  • abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels

Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Diabetes Mellitus. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat healthy foods
  • more physical activity
  • lose excess pounds

Occurrence of Diabetes Mellitus

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Diabetes Mellitus cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Diabetes Mellitus can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Diabetes Mellitus can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Diabetes Mellitus:
  • Random blood sugar test: To detect type 2 diabetes
  • Fasting blood sugar test: To indicate elevated blood sugar levels
  • Oral glucose tolerance test: To detect prediabetic conditions

Doctor for Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus:
  • Obstetric Surgeon
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus if untreated

Yes, Diabetes Mellitus causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Diabetes Mellitus is left untreated:
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • chronic kidney disease
  • diabetic foot ulcers
  • stroke
  • peripheral artery disease

Procedures for Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

The following procedures are used to treat Diabetes Mellitus:
  • Weight loss surgery: To prevent type 2 diabetes
  • Insulin therapy: To raise the levels of insulin

Self-care for Diabetes Mellitus

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Diabetes Mellitus:
  • Eat healthy foods: Help prevent symptoms of diabetes
  • More physical activity: Helps achieve normal healthy weight

Patient Support for Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

The following actions may help Diabetes Mellitus patients:
  • Join local support groups: Helps in counselling diabetic patients

Time for Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Diabetes Mellitus to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Diabetes Mellitus.
Diabetes in Children and Teens
Type 2 Diabetes

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