Diverticular Disease

A finding indicating the presence of multiple pouches, usually in the colonic or gastric wall

Symptoms of Diverticular Disease

The following features are indicative of Diverticular Disease:
  • mild cramps
  • bloating
  • constipation
  • abdominal pain on the left side
  • fever
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • chills
  • bleeding
  • tears
  • blockages
It is possible that Diverticular Disease shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Diverticular Disease

The following are the most common causes of Diverticular Disease:
  • low-fiber diet
  • genetic factors
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • lack of exercise
  • obesity
  • smoking

Risk Factors for Diverticular Disease

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Diverticular Disease:
  • increasing age
  • constipation
  • low fiber diet
  • connective tissue disorders that may cause weakness in the colon wall
  • hereditary or genetic predisposition
  • extreme weight loss
  • heavy meat consumption

Prevention of Diverticular Disease

No, it is not possible to prevent Diverticular Disease.
  • mutations in PKD1, PKD2 and PKD3 genes

Occurrence of Diverticular Disease

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Diverticular Disease cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Diverticular Disease most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Diverticular Disease can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Diverticular Disease

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Diverticular Disease:
  • Physical exam: To detect signs and symptoms of diverticular disease and tenderness of abdomen
  • Blood and urine tests: To check for the signs of infections
  • Pregnancy test: To detect pregnancy as a cause of abdominal pain
  • Liver function tests: To find out causes of abdominal pain
  • Stool test: To diagnose infection in people suffering with diarrhea
  • CT scan: To diagnose diverticular disease

Doctor for Diagnosis of Diverticular Disease

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Diverticular Disease:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Diverticular Disease if untreated

Yes, Diverticular Disease causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Diverticular Disease is left untreated:
  • abscess
  • blockage in the colon or small intestine
  • fistula between sections of bowel
  • peritonitis

Procedures for Treatment of Diverticular Disease

The following procedures are used to treat Diverticular Disease:
  • Primary bowel resection: Allows to have normal bowel movements
  • Bowel resection with colostomy: Helps in passing the bowel

Self-care for Diverticular Disease

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Diverticular Disease:
  • Exercise regularly: Promotes the normal bowel function and reduces pressure inside colon
  • Eat more fiber: Helps in passing the waste easily from colon
  • Drink plenty of fluids: Absorbs water and increasing the soft, bulky waste in colon

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Diverticular Disease

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Diverticular Disease:
  • Probiotics use: Prevent diverticulitis by providing beneficial bacteria

Time for Treatment of Diverticular Disease

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Diverticular Disease to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Diverticular Disease.

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