Abnormality or impairment of voluntary movement

Symptoms of Dyskinesias

The following features are indicative of Dyskinesias:
  • finger movement
  • jaw swinging
  • facial grimacing
  • repetitive chewing
  • tongue thrusting

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Common Causes of Dyskinesias

The following are the most common causes of Dyskinesias:
  • older antipsychotics such as haloperidol, chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, thioridazine
  • antiparkinson drugs such as levodopa
  • antiseizure drugs such as phenobarbital, phenytoin
  • antidepressant drugs such as amitriptyline, fluoxetine, phenelzine

Risk Factors for Dyskinesias

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dyskinesias:
  • brain injuries
  • smoking
  • diabetes mellitus
  • negative symptoms of schizophrenia

Prevention of Dyskinesias

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dyskinesias. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • take lowest effective dose of neuroleptics

Occurrence of Dyskinesias

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Dyskinesias cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Dyskinesias can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Dyskinesias can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dyskinesias

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dyskinesias:
  • Electromyography: To assess the health of muscles and the nerve cells
  • Computed tomography scan: To create pictures of cross-sections of the body
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To create pictures of areas inside the body

Doctor for Diagnosis of Dyskinesias

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dyskinesias:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Dyskinesias if untreated

It is not know if Dyskinesias causes complications if left untreated.

Procedures for Treatment of Dyskinesias

The following procedures are used to treat Dyskinesias:
  • Deep brain stimulation: To deliver electrical signals to the areas of the brain that control movement

Self-care for Dyskinesias

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Dyskinesias:
  • Discontinue the use of neuroleptic drugs: To prevent worsening of the condition

Patient Support for Treatment of Dyskinesias

The following actions may help Dyskinesias patients:
  • Support and advocacy groups: Helps to connect with other patients and families to provide valuable services

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Dyskinesias.

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