Abnormally painful abdominal cramps during menstruation

Symptoms of Dysmenorrhoea

The following features are indicative of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • weight gain
  • bloating
  • irritability
  • fatigue

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Common Causes of Dysmenorrhoea

The following are the most common causes of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • leiomyoma
  • adenomyosis
  • ovarian cysts
  • pelvic congestion
  • endometriosis
  • uterine fibroids

Other Causes of Dysmenorrhoea

The following are the less common causes of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • cervical stenosis

Risk Factors for Dysmenorrhoea

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • heavy menstrual flow
  • smoking
  • depression
  • younger age
  • puberty age
  • metrorrhagia

Prevention of Dysmenorrhoea

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dysmenorrhoea. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • take a warm bath
  • applying a heating pad, hot water bottle or heat patch to abdomen

Occurrence of Dysmenorrhoea

Common Age Group

Dysmenorrhoea most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Dysmenorrhoea most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dysmenorrhoea

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dysmenorrhoea:
  • Ultrasound Examination: To create an image of uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries
  • Magnetic resonance Imaging: Helps to diagnose underlying conditions of menstrual pain
  • Laparoscopy: Helps to detect an underlying condition such as endometriosis, adhesions, fibroids, ovarian cysts and ectopic pregnancy

Doctor for Diagnosis of Dysmenorrhoea

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • Gynaecologist

Complications of Dysmenorrhoea if untreated

Yes, Dysmenorrhoea causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Dysmenorrhoea is left untreated:
  • fertility problems
  • ectopic pregnancy

Procedures for Treatment of Dysmenorrhoea

The following procedures are used to treat Dysmenorrhoea:
  • Surgery: To reduce symptoms such as endometriosis or fibroids

Self-care for Dysmenorrhoea

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • By taking a warm bath or applying a heating pad: To reduce the symptoms of menstrual cramps

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Dysmenorrhoea

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Dysmenorrhoea:
  • Acupressure: To stimulate certain points on the body to relieve menstrual pain

Time for Treatment of Dysmenorrhoea

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Dysmenorrhoea to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Dysmenorrhoea.

Related Topics

Period Pain

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