An uncomfortable, often painful feeling in the stomach, resulting from impaired digestion. Symptoms include burning stomach pain, bloating, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting. Causes include gastritis, gastric ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, pancreatic disease, and gallbladder disease

Symptoms of Dyspepsia

The following features are indicative of Dyspepsia:
  • early fullness
  • unpleasant fullness
  • upper abdomen discomfort or bloating
  • upper abdomen burning
  • nausea vomiting
  • belching

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Common Causes of Dyspepsia

The following are the most common causes of Dyspepsia:
  • overeating
  • smoking
  • alcohol
  • fatty or spicy food
  • supplements
  • stress

Other Causes of Dyspepsia

The following are the less common causes of Dyspepsia:
  • anxiety
  • gallstones
  • gastritis
  • pancreatitis
  • intestinal or stomach ulcers
  • intestinal ischemia
  • constipation
  • celiac disease

Risk Factors for Dyspepsia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dyspepsia:
  • overeating
  • smoking
  • alcohol
  • fatty or spicy food
  • iron or other supplements
  • stress

Prevention of Dyspepsia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dyspepsia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • give enough time for meals
  • chew properly and completely
  • avoid talking while eating
  • avoid exercise after meal
  • relax if indigestion is due to stress

Occurrence of Dyspepsia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Dyspepsia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Dyspepsia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Dyspepsia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dyspepsia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dyspepsia:
  • Laboratory tests: To check thyroid function and other metabolic disorders
  • Breath and stool tests: To check for peptic ulcers
  • Endoscopy: To check digestive system functions
  • X-ray or CT scan: To check intestinal functions

Doctor for Diagnosis of Dyspepsia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dyspepsia:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Dyspepsia if untreated

Yes, Dyspepsia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Dyspepsia is left untreated:
  • affects quality of life
  • loss of appetite

Procedures for Treatment of Dyspepsia

The following procedures are used to treat Dyspepsia:
  • Psychological therapy: To treat anxiety or depression causing indigestion

Self-care for Dyspepsia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Dyspepsia:
  • Eating habits: Eat healthy 5 to 6 meals a day
  • Caffeine: Reduce consumption of alcohol or caffeine
  • Medications: Avoid indigestion triggering medications
  • Food: Avoid spicy or fatty food

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Dyspepsia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Dyspepsia:
  • Herbal therapy: To ease indigestion
  • Psychological treatment: To treat stress or anxiety induced indigestion
  • Acupuncture therapy: To block the nerve pathways carrying pain sensation to brain
  • Meditation: To ease stress induced indigestion

Patient Support for Treatment of Dyspepsia

The following actions may help Dyspepsia patients:
  • Supportive therapy: Improves quality of life and relieve symptoms of dyspepsia

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Dyspepsia.

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