Uterine contractions (less than 3 in 10 minutes or inadequate strength) that do not result in progressive cervical dilation

Symptoms of Dystocia

The following features are indicative of Dystocia:
  • red
  • puffy face
  • retraction of the fetal head

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Common Causes of Dystocia

The following are the most common causes of Dystocia:
  • obstructed labour
  • large or abnormally positioned baby
  • small pelvis
  • problems with the birth canal

Risk Factors for Dystocia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Dystocia:
  • malnutrition
  • vitamin D deficiency
  • narrow vagina
  • female genital mutilation
  • tumors
  • Age >35
  • short in stature
  • more than 42 weeks gestation
  • estimated fetal weight > 4500g
  • maternal diabetes (2-4 fold increase in risk
  • need for oxytocics
  • prolonged first or second stage of labour
  • no shoulder rotation or descent
  • instrumental delivery

Prevention of Dystocia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Dystocia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • prevent delays in delivery

Occurrence of Dystocia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Dystocia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Dystocia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • At birth

Common Gender

Dystocia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Dystocia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Dystocia:
  • Physical examination: To examine obstructed labour

Doctor for Diagnosis of Dystocia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Dystocia:
  • Gynecologist
  • Obstetrician

Complications of Dystocia if untreated

Yes, Dystocia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Dystocia is left untreated:
  • can be fatal
  • damage to the upper brachial plexus nerves
  • perinatal asphyxia
  • uterine rupture
  • post-partum bleeding
  • postpartum infection

Procedures for Treatment of Dystocia

The following procedures are used to treat Dystocia:
  • Cesarean section: To prevent the risk of shoulder dystocia
  • Surgery: Vacuum extraction with possible surgical opening of the symphysis pubis

Patient Support for Treatment of Dystocia

The following actions may help Dystocia patients:
  • HELPERR mnemonic: Offers a structural framework for the management of shoulder dystocia

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Dystocia.

Related Topics


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