Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include

  • Growth and development
  • Metabolism - digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature
  • Sexual function
  • Reproduction
  • Mood

If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.

In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.

Symptoms of Endocrine Diseases

The following features are indicative of Endocrine Diseases:
  • fatigue
  • light-headedness
  • muscle weakness
  • increased thirst and urination
  • increased hunger
  • blurred vision
  • fever
  • weight loss
  • anxiety
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • headache
  • sweating
  • changes in mood or personality
  • joint pain
  • muscle pain
  • numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
  • sores that do not heal
It is possible that Endocrine Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Endocrine Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Endocrine Diseases:
  • autoimmune disorders
  • injury to an endocrine gland
  • family history of diabetes
  • overweight
  • physical inactivity
  • high blood pressure

Other Causes of Endocrine Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Endocrine Diseases:
  • cancer in the adrenal glands
  • amyloidosis
  • removal of the adrenal glands through surgery
  • abnormal adrenal gland development
  • antifungal medications
  • cushing’s syndrome
  • acromegaly
  • hyperthyroidism
  • pancreatitis
  • pancreatic cancer
  • trauma

Risk Factors for Endocrine Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Endocrine Diseases:
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • overweight
  • age 45 or older
  • family history of diabetes
  • low level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • history of gestational diabetes
  • history of heart disease
  • depression
  • polycystic ovary syndrome
  • acanthosis nigricans

Prevention of Endocrine Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Endocrine Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • losing weight
  • eating fewer calories
  • increasing physical activity
  • stop smoking

Occurrence of Endocrine Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Endocrine Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Endocrine Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Endocrine Diseases can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Endocrine Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Endocrine Diseases:
  • ACTH stimulation test: To measure cortisol levels in the blood and urine
  • CRH stimulation test: To measure cortisol levels in the blood
  • Blood tests: To measure blood glucose levels
  • Fasting plasma glucose test: To measure the blood glucose level at a single point in time
  • A1C test: To measure the average levels of blood glucose over the past 3 months
  • Random plasma glucose test: To diagnose diabetes without fasting

Doctor for Diagnosis of Endocrine Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Endocrine Diseases:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Dietitian
  • Diabetes educator
  • Dentist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Podiatrist
  • Social worker

Complications of Endocrine Diseases if untreated

Yes, Endocrine Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Endocrine Diseases is left untreated:
  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • kidney disease
  • eye problems
  • dental disease
  • nerve damage
  • foot problems
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Endocrine Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Endocrine Diseases:
  • Hormone replacement therapy: To correct the levels of steroid hormones that your body is not producing
  • Physical therapy: Exercise reduces your blood sugar level by moving sugar into your cells
  • Insulin therapy: To lower blood sugar level
  • Pancreas transplantation: To treat severe complications of type 1 diabetes patients
  • Bariatric surgery: Improves blood sugar levels and beneficial for type 2 diabetes

Medicines for Endocrine Diseases

Below is the list of medicines used for Endocrine Diseases:

Self-care for Endocrine Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Endocrine Diseases:
  • Keep extra medication handy: Always keep a small supply of medication at a vacation home, at work and in your travel bag, in case if you forget to take your pills
  • Maintain healthy weight: Decreases the risk of diabetes and helpful in management of diabetes
  • Avoid smoking: Lowers the risk of various diabetes complications
  • Exercise regularly: Helps in controlling blood sugar levels and prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Endocrine Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Endocrine Diseases:
  • Exercise regularly: Lowers the blood sugar level and helps controlling weight

Patient Support for Treatment of Endocrine Diseases

The following actions may help Endocrine Diseases patients:
  • Join support group: Share your frustrations and your triumphs with people who understand what you're going through can be very helpful

Time for Treatment of Endocrine Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Endocrine Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 4/26/2019.
This page provides information for Endocrine Diseases.
Addison Disease
Adrenal Gland Disorders
Growth Disorders
Pancreatic Diseases
Parathyroid Disorders
Pituitary Disorders
Thyroid Diseases

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