Bleeding from the nose.

Symptoms of Epistaxis

The following features are indicative of Epistaxis:
  • nosebleeds
  • nausea
  • vomiting

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Common Causes of Epistaxis

The following are the most common causes of Epistaxis:
  • blunt trauma
  • nose-picking
  • inflammatory reactions
  • anatomical deformities
  • insufflated drugs
  • intranasal tumors

Other Causes of Epistaxis

The following are the less common causes of Epistaxis:
  • nasal spray
  • middle ear barotrauma
  • septoplasty
  • common cold
  • hypertension

Risk Factors for Epistaxis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Epistaxis:
  • hypertension
  • nasal steroids
  • foreign bodies

Prevention of Epistaxis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Epistaxis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • application of topical antibiotic ointment to the nasal mucosa

Occurrence of Epistaxis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Epistaxis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Epistaxis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Epistaxis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Epistaxis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Epistaxis:
  • Physical examination: To detect the cause in case of frequent nosebleeds
  • Endoscopic evaluation: To identify an elusive bleeding point

Doctor for Diagnosis of Epistaxis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Epistaxis:
  • Otorhinolaryngologist

Complications of Epistaxis if untreated

Yes, Epistaxis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Epistaxis is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Epistaxis

The following procedures are used to treat Epistaxis:
  • Surgery: To directly ligate (tie off) the blood vessels supplying the nose
  • Intra-arterial embolization: To stop the bleeding

Time for Treatment of Epistaxis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Epistaxis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 day

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 8/07/2020.
This page provides information for Epistaxis.

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