A hypersensitivity reaction characterized by the sudden appearance of symmetrical cutaneous and mucocutaneous macular or papular lesions which evolve into lesions with bright red borders (target lesions). The lesions usually appear in the hands, feet, extremities, and face. Symptoms include fever, malaise, sore throat, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, arthralgia, and myalgia. Causes include infections (most commonly herpes simplex virus), drugs (e.g., sulfonamides, anticonvulsants, and antibiotics), malignancies, and collagen vascular disorders

Symptoms of Erythema Multiforme

The following features are indicative of Erythema Multiforme:
  • fever
  • ill feeling
  • itchy skin
  • joint aches
  • skin lesions
  • bloodshot eyes
  • mouth sores
  • vision problems
  • eye pain
  • dry eye
It is possible that Erythema Multiforme shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Erythema Multiforme

The following are the most common causes of Erythema Multiforme:
  • bacteria mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • herpes virus
  • fungus infection

Risk Factors for Erythema Multiforme

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Erythema Multiforme:
  • age 20 to 40 years old
  • family history

Prevention of Erythema Multiforme

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Erythema Multiforme. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • good hygiene
  • staying away from other people help prevent secondary infections

Occurrence of Erythema Multiforme

Common Age Group

Erythema Multiforme most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-40 years

Common Gender

Erythema Multiforme can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Erythema Multiforme

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Erythema Multiforme:
  • Skin lesion biopsy: To test skin conditions

Doctor for Diagnosis of Erythema Multiforme

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Erythema Multiforme:
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Erythema Multiforme if untreated

Yes, Erythema Multiforme causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Erythema Multiforme is left untreated:
  • patchy skin colour
  • HSV infection

Self-care for Erythema Multiforme

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Erythema Multiforme:
  • Good hygiene and staying away from other people: Help prevent secondary infections

Time for Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Erythema Multiforme to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Erythema Multiforme.
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