The anterior displacement of the eye within the orbit, giving a bulging appearance.

Symptoms of Exophthalmos

The following features are indicative of Exophthalmos:
  • pain in the eyes
  • dry eyes
  • eye irritation
  • photophobia
  • eye secretions
  • double vision
  • blurred vision
It is possible that Exophthalmos shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Exophthalmos

The following are the most common causes of Exophthalmos:
  • inflammatory diseases
  • graves' disease
  • leukaemias
  • dermoid cyst
  • aortic insufficiency

Other Causes of Exophthalmos

The following are the less common causes of Exophthalmos:
  • neoplastic disease
  • leukaemias
  • meningioma
  • dermoid cyst
  • vascular disease

Risk Factors for Exophthalmos

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Exophthalmos:
  • graves disease
  • cigarette smoking
  • family history

Prevention of Exophthalmos

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Exophthalmos.

Occurrence of Exophthalmos

Common Age Group

Exophthalmos can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Exophthalmos can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Exophthalmos

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Exophthalmos:
  • X-ray: To diagnose eyes abnormalities
  • Positron emission tomography: To diagnose eyes abnormalities
  • CT scan: To diagnose eyes abnormalities

Doctor for Diagnosis of Exophthalmos

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Exophthalmos:
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Exophthalmos if untreated

Yes, Exophthalmos causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Exophthalmos is left untreated:
  • corneal dryness
  • redness
  • irritation
  • superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis
  • eyelids fail to close during sleep

Procedures for Treatment of Exophthalmos

The following procedures are used to treat Exophthalmos:
  • Orbital decompression surgery: To improve the appearance of the eyes

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Exophthalmos.

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