Cancer of the eye is uncommon. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which are made up of muscles, skin and nerves. If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it's called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma. The most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma, which starts in the cells of the retina. Cancer can also spread to the eye from other parts of the body.

Treatment for eye cancer varies by the type and by how advanced it is. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, freezing or heat therapy, or laser therapy.

Symptoms of Eye Cancer

The following features are indicative of Eye Cancer:
  • a growing dark spot on the iris
  • sensation of flashing lights
  • change in the shape of the dark circle at the center of the eye
  • poor or blurry vision in one eye
  • loss of peripheral vision

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Common Causes of Eye Cancer

The following are the most common causes of Eye Cancer:
  • mutations in the RB1 gene

Risk Factors for Eye Cancer

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Eye Cancer:
  • people with blue eyes or green eyes
  • being white people
  • older age
  • dysplastic nevus syndrome
  • exposure to ultraviolet light

Prevention of Eye Cancer

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Eye Cancer. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid the sun during the middle of the day
  • wear sunscreen year-round
  • wear protective clothing
  • avoid tanning lamps and beds

Occurrence of Eye Cancer

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Eye Cancer cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Eye Cancer can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Eye Cancer can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Eye Cancer

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Eye Cancer:
  • Eye exam: To examine the outside of eye and looking for enlarged blood vessels
  • Eye ultrasound: To produce images of the eye
  • Angiography: To diagnose eye melanoma
  • Biopsy: To detect eye melanoma

Doctor for Diagnosis of Eye Cancer

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Eye Cancer:
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Eye Cancer if untreated

Yes, Eye Cancer causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Eye Cancer is left untreated:
  • increased pressure within the eye
  • vision loss

Procedures for Treatment of Eye Cancer

The following procedures are used to treat Eye Cancer:
  • Surgery: To remove the melanoma
  • Enucleation: To treat large eye tumors
  • Radiation therapy: To destroy cancer cells
  • Laser treatment: To kill the melanoma cells
  • Cryotherapy: To destroy melanoma cells in some small eye melanomas

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Eye Cancer

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Eye Cancer:
  • Intake chamomile herbal extracts: To treat eye infections and conjunctivitis

Patient Support for Treatment of Eye Cancer

The following actions may help Eye Cancer patients:
  • Join support group: Helps in devising strategies for coping with the disease

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Eye Cancer.
Eye Diseases
Eyelid Disorders

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