Some eye problems are minor and don't last long. But some can lead to a permanent loss of vision.

Common eye problems include

Your best defense is to have regular checkups, because eye diseases do not always have symptoms. Early detection and treatment could prevent vision loss. See an eye care professional right away if you have a sudden change in vision, if everything looks dim, or if you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that need quick attention are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye, and inflammation.

NIH: National Eye Institute

Symptoms of Eye Diseases

The following features are indicative of Eye Diseases:
  • stinging, burning or scratchy sensation in the eyes
  • stringy mucus in or around the eyes
  • sensitivity to light
  • eye redness
  • sensation of having something in the eyes
  • difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • difficulty with night time driving
  • watery eyes, which is the body's response to the irritation of dry eyes
  • blurred vision or eye fatigue
  • visual distortions
  • reduced central vision in one or both eyes
  • decreased intensity or brightness of colors
  • blind spot or blurry spot in the field of vision
  • general haziness in the overall vision
  • need for brighter light when reading or doing close work
  • increased difficulty adapting to low lights
  • increased blurriness of printed words
It is possible that Eye Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Eye Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Eye Diseases:
  • abnormal blood vessel growth
  • fluid buildup in the back of the eye
  • smoking
  • lack of adequate tears
  • decreased tear production
  • intake of vitamin A deficient diet

Other Causes of Eye Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Eye Diseases:
  • increased tear evaporation

Risk Factors for Eye Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Eye Diseases:
  • being older than 50 years of age
  • being female
  • eating a diet that is low in vitamin A
  • wearing contact lenses
  • family history
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • cardiovascular disease

Prevention of Eye Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Eye Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid air blowing in the eyes
  • add moisture to dry indoor air
  • wear wraparound sunglasses or other protective eyewear
  • take eye breaks during long tasks
  • maintain healthy bodyweight
  • position your computer screen below eye level
  • avoid smoking
  • intake of diet rich in fruits and vegetables

Occurrence of Eye Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Eye Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Eye Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Eye Diseases can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Eye Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Eye Diseases:
  • Comprehensive eye exam: To diagnose the cause of the dry eyes
  • Measuring the volume of the tears: To measures tear production
  • Examination of the back of the eye: To diagnose blood or fluid or a mottled appearance
  • Test for defects in the center of the vision: To diagnose defects in the central vision
  • Fluorescein angiography: To check abnormal blood vessels or retinal changes
  • Indocyanine green angiography: To diagnose specific types of macular degeneration
  • Optical coherence tomography: To see detailed cross-sections of the retina

Doctor for Diagnosis of Eye Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Eye Diseases:
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Eye Diseases if untreated

Yes, Eye Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Eye Diseases is left untreated:
  • eye infections
  • damage to the surface of the eyes
  • decreased quality of life
  • rapid vision loss

Procedures for Treatment of Eye Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Eye Diseases:
  • LipiFlow thermal pulsation: To treat dry eyes by clearing the blocked oil glands
  • Intense-pulsed light therapy followed by massage: Helps in treating severe dry eyes
  • Photodynamic therapy: To treat abnormal blood vessels at the center of macula
  • Surgery: To implant a telescopic lens in one eye

Self-care for Eye Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Eye Diseases:
  • Frequent eyelid washing: Helps in managing dry eyes
  • Apply a warm washcloth to the eyes: To control inflammation in the eyes
  • Exercise regularly: Do exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
  • Quit Smoking

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Eye Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Eye Diseases:
  • Intake omega fatty acids supplements: Helps in relieving dry eye signs and symptoms
  • Use castor oil eye drops: Improve symptoms by reducing tear evaporation
  • Acupuncture Therapy: Relieves dry eye symptoms
  • Intake nutritional supplements: Take supplements with high levels of vitamins C and E, copper and zinc

Patient Support for Treatment of Eye Diseases

The following actions may help Eye Diseases patients:
  • Support groups: Join online support groups to reduce symptoms and know about the experiences of others with similar conditions

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Eye Diseases.
Color Blindness
Corneal Disorders
Diabetic Eye Disease
Eye Cancer
Eye Infections
Eye Injuries
Eye Movement Disorders
Eye Wear
Eyelid Disorders
Macular Degeneration
Refractive Errors
Retinal Detachment
Retinal Disorders
Vision Impairment and Blindness

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