A benign smooth muscle neoplasm arising from the body of the uterus. It is characterized by the presence of spindle cells with cigar-shaped nuclei, interlacing fascicles, and a whorled pattern.

Symptoms of Fibroids

The following features are indicative of Fibroids:
  • heavy menstrual bleeding
  • menstrual periods lasting more than a week
  • pelvic pressure or pain
  • frequent urination
  • difficulty emptying the bladder
  • constipation
  • backache or leg pain
It is possible that Fibroids shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Fibroids

The following are the most common causes of Fibroids:
  • genetic changes
  • estrogen and progesterone hormones
  • insulin-like growth factor

Risk Factors for Fibroids

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Fibroids:
  • hereditary
  • black women
  • environmental factors
  • onset of menstruation at an early age
  • use of birth control
  • obesity

Prevention of Fibroids

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Fibroids. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • making healthy lifestyle choices
  • maintaining a normal weight
  • eating fruits and vegetables

Occurrence of Fibroids

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Fibroids cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Fibroids most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Fibroids most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Fibroids

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Fibroids:
  • Ultrasound: To get picture of uterus
  • Complete blood count (CBC): To investigate the potential cause of the disease
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To test the size and location of fibroids
  • Hysterosalpingography: To highlight the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes on X-ray images

Doctor for Diagnosis of Fibroids

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Fibroids:
  • General Surgeon
  • Obstetrician
  • Gynecologist

Complications of Fibroids if untreated

Yes, Fibroids causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Fibroids is left untreated:
  • anemia from heavy blood loss

Procedures for Treatment of Fibroids

The following procedures are used to treat Fibroids:
  • MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery: To heat and destroy small areas of fibroid tissue by using sound waves
  • Uterine artery embolization: To shrink the fibroids and relieving the symptoms they cause
  • Myolysis: To destroy the fibroids and shrinks the blood vessels that feed them
  • Laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy: Removal of fibroids from uterus
  • Hysteroscopic myomectomy: To remove fibroids
  • Endometrial ablation: To destroy the lining of uterus to reduce the menstrual flow
  • Abdominal myomectomy: To remove the fibroids

Self-care for Fibroids

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Fibroids:
  • Healthy lifestyle: Reduces chances of formation of fibroids
  • Weight control: Reduces the chances of getting problem

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Fibroids

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Fibroids:
  • Magnet therapy: May help prevent fibroids
  • Black cohosh use: May help in the treatment of fibroids

Time for Treatment of Fibroids

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Fibroids to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Fibroids.

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