Also called: Broken bone

A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls, or sports injuries. Other causes are low bone density and osteoporosis, which cause weakening of the bones. Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone.

Symptoms of a fracture are

  • Intense pain
  • Deformity - the limb looks out of place
  • Swelling, bruising, or tenderness around the injury
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Problems moving a limb

You need to get medical care right away for any fracture. An x-ray can tell if your bone is broken. You may need to wear a cast or splint. Sometimes you need surgery to put in plates, pins or screws to keep the bone in place.

Symptoms of Fractures

The following features are indicative of Fractures:
  • intense pain
  • deformity in the limb
  • swelling, bruising or tenderness around the injury
  • numbness
  • tingling
  • problems moving a limb
It is possible that Fractures shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Fractures

The following are the most common causes of Fractures:
  • low bone density
  • osteoporosis
  • car accidents
  • falls
  • sports injuries

Risk Factors for Fractures

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Fractures:
  • certain sports
  • foot problems
  • weakened bones
  • previous stress fractures
  • lack of nutrients

Prevention of Fractures

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Fractures. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • start any new exercise slowly
  • use proper footwear
  • get proper nutrition

Occurrence of Fractures

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Fractures cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Fractures can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Fractures can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Fractures

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Fractures:
  • Bone Scan: To diagnose the several types of bone disease
  • Bone X-Ray (Radiography): To diagnose the fractured bones or joint dislocation

Doctor for Diagnosis of Fractures

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Fractures:
  • Orthopedician
  • Emergency Physician

Complications of Fractures if untreated

Yes, Fractures causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Fractures is left untreated:
  • chronic pain
  • higher risk of additional stress fractures

Procedures for Treatment of Fractures

The following procedures are used to treat Fractures:
  • Surgery: Ensure the complete healing of some types of stress fractures

Self-care for Fractures

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Fractures:
  • Do rest: Stay off the affected limb and do not bear normal weight until you are totally healed
  • Do ice therapy: Reduces swelling and relieve pain
  • Resume activity slowly: Slowly progress from non weight-bearing activities to your usual activities

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Fractures

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Fractures:
  • Shock wave therapy: Enhances the bone repair process

Time for Treatment of Fractures

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Fractures to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Fractures.
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