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Functional Dyspepsia

An uncomfortable, often painful feeling in the stomach, resulting from impaired digestion. Symptoms include burning stomach pain, bloating, heartburn, nausea, and vomiting. Causes include gastritis, gastric ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, pancreatic disease, and gallbladder disease.

Symptoms of Functional Dyspepsia

The following features are indicative of Functional Dyspepsia:
  • early feeling of fullness when eating
  • bloating
  • burning sensation or discomfort in your upper abdomen or lower chest
  • nausea
  • belching

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Common Causes of Functional Dyspepsia

The following are the most common causes of Functional Dyspepsia:
  • wheat and dietary fats
  • anxiety
  • gastroenteritis
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • smoking

Risk Factors for Functional Dyspepsia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Functional Dyspepsia:
  • older age
  • females
  • depression
  • smoking
  • history of childhood physical or sexual abuse
  • anxiety
  • use of certain over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen

Prevention of Functional Dyspepsia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Functional Dyspepsia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid skipping meals
  • chew food slowly and thoroughly
  • avoid fatty and spicy foods

Occurrence of Functional Dyspepsia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Functional Dyspepsia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Functional Dyspepsia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Functional Dyspepsia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Functional Dyspepsia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Functional Dyspepsia:
  • Helicobacter pylori testing: To detect the presence of the bacterium and look for the signs and symptoms of the disease
  • Endoscopy: To see esophagus, stomach and the first part of the small intestine and evaluate inflammation
  • Blood tests: To determine the cause of the discomfort and rule out other disorders causing similar symptoms

Doctor for Diagnosis of Functional Dyspepsia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Functional Dyspepsia:
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Functional Dyspepsia if untreated

Yes, Functional Dyspepsia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Functional Dyspepsia is left untreated:
  • affects quality of life
  • loss of appetite

Procedures for Treatment of Functional Dyspepsia

The following procedures are used to treat Functional Dyspepsia:
  • Behavior therapy: Work with counselor or therapist, teaches relaxation techniques that helps in coping with the signs and symptoms of the disease

Self-care for Functional Dyspepsia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Functional Dyspepsia:
  • Avoid large meals and overeating: Controls signs and symptoms of the disease
  • Chew food slowly and thoroughly: Helps in controlling nonulcer stomach pain
  • Eat smaller, more-frequent meals: Controls nonulcer stomach pain
  • Reduce stress in daily life: Prevents the nonulcer stomach pain

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Functional Dyspepsia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Functional Dyspepsia:
  • Artichoke leaf extract: Decreases the symptoms of nonulcer stomach pain
  • Do meditation, yoga or other activities: Lowers the stress levels and helps in coping with the disease

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Functional Dyspepsia.
Oesophagitis
GERD
Gastric Ulcer

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