Genital Warts

Also called: Condylomata acuminate, Venereal warts

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). The warts are soft, moist, pink, or flesh-colored bumps. You can have one or many of these bumps. In women, the warts usually occur in or around the vagina, on the cervix or around the anus. In men, genital warts are less common but might occur on the tip of the penis.

You can get genital warts during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with an infected partner. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading HPV. HPV vaccines may help prevent some of the HPV infections that cause genital warts.

Your health care provider usually diagnoses genital warts by seeing them. The warts might disappear on their own. If not, your health care provider can treat or remove them. The virus stays in your body even after treatment, so warts can come back.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Symptoms of Genital Warts

The following features are indicative of Genital Warts:
  • small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in the genital area
  • several warts close together that take on a cauliflower-like shape
  • itching or discomfort in the genital area
  • bleeding with intercourse

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Common Causes of Genital Warts

The following are the most common causes of Genital Warts:
  • human papillomavirus (HPV)

Risk Factors for Genital Warts

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Genital Warts:
  • having unprotected sex with multiple partners
  • having already another sexually transmitted infection
  • having sex with a partner whose sexual history is not known
  • becoming sexually active at a young age

Prevention of Genital Warts

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Genital Warts. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use condoms while sexual intercourse

Occurrence of Genital Warts

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Genital Warts cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Genital Warts most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Genital Warts can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Genital Warts

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Genital Warts:
  • Pap tests: To detect vaginal and cervical changes
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV0 test: To determine the cancer-causing HPV strains

Doctor for Diagnosis of Genital Warts

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Genital Warts:
  • Gynaecologist

Complications of Genital Warts if untreated

Yes, Genital Warts causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Genital Warts is left untreated:
  • cervical cancer
  • problems during pregnancy
  • large warts on the vulva

Procedures for Treatment of Genital Warts

The following procedures are used to treat Genital Warts:
  • Cryotherapy: To destroy the tissue
  • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure: To eliminate the cervical tissue
  • Surgical conization: To alleviate a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix and cervical canal
  • Laser vaporization conization: To kill the cervical tissue

Self-care for Genital Warts

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Genital Warts:
  • Avoid nail biting: Helps in preventing the human papillomavirus infection
  • Avoid multiple sex partners: By lowering the number of sex partners, helps in preventing the infection
  • Use latex condom: Protects from developing warts

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Genital Warts

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Genital Warts:
  • Apply chloroform extracts of garlic: Helps in relieving cutaneous warts

Patient Support for Treatment of Genital Warts

The following actions may help Genital Warts patients:
  • Education: By providing education about safe sexual practices and warnings about tobacco use, helps in coping with the disease

Time for Treatment of Genital Warts

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Genital Warts to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Is Genital Warts Infectious?

Yes, Genital Warts is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • sexual contact

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Genital Warts.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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