A renal disorder characterized by damage in the glomeruli. It may be acute or chronic, focal or diffuse, and it may lead to renal failure. Causes include autoimmune disorders, infections, diabetes, and malignancies.

Symptoms of Glomerulonephritis

The following features are indicative of Glomerulonephritis:
  • blood in the urine
  • foamy urine
  • swelling of the face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen
  • abdominal pain
  • blood in the vomit or stools
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • diarrhoea
  • excessive urination
  • fever
  • fatigue
  • loss of appetite
  • muscle aches
  • nosebleed
It is possible that Glomerulonephritis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Glomerulonephritis

The following are the most common causes of Glomerulonephritis:
  • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • hepatitis B
  • hepatitis C
  • post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
  • bacterial endocarditis
  • Vasculitis disease
  • change in immune system

Risk Factors for Glomerulonephritis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Glomerulonephritis:
  • bacterial infections
  • viral infections
  • parasitic pathogens infections
  • blood or lymphatic system disorders

Prevention of Glomerulonephritis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Glomerulonephritis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoiding or limiting exposure to organic solvents, mercury, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • control high blood pressure
  • control blood sugar

Occurrence of Glomerulonephritis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Glomerulonephritis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Glomerulonephritis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Glomerulonephritis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Glomerulonephritis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Glomerulonephritis:
  • Blood tests: To look the levels of creatinine and urea in the blood
  • Urine tests: To analyze the abnormalities
  • Imaging tests: To assess the kidneys' structure and size
  • Kidney biopsy: To determine the cause of the inflammation
  • CT scan: To detect kidney abnormalities

Doctor for Diagnosis of Glomerulonephritis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Glomerulonephritis:
  • Nephrologist
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Glomerulonephritis if untreated

Yes, Glomerulonephritis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Glomerulonephritis is left untreated:
  • acute kidney failure
  • chronic kidney disease
  • high blood pressure
  • nephrotic syndrome

Procedures for Treatment of Glomerulonephritis

The following procedures are used to treat Glomerulonephritis:
  • Dialysis: Help remove excess fluid and control high blood pressure

Self-care for Glomerulonephritis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Glomerulonephritis:
  • Restrict salt intake: Prevent or minimize fluid retention, swelling and hypertension
  • Consume less protein and potassium: Slow the buildup of wastes in the blood
  • Quit smoking: Reduce kidney symptoms

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Glomerulonephritis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Glomerulonephritis:
  • Acupuncture: Improves the kidney function
  • Massage: Rehabilitation strategies improves the well-being of kidneys
  • Meditation: Improves the functioning of kidneys

Patient Support for Treatment of Glomerulonephritis

The following actions may help Glomerulonephritis patients:
  • Join support groups: Help reduce the stress of illness

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Glomerulonephritis.

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