Inflammation of the tongue

Symptoms of Glossitis

The following features are indicative of Glossitis:
  • chewing problem
  • swallowing problem
  • speaking problem
  • smooth surface of the tongue
  • sore
  • tender
  • swollen tongue
  • pale to the tongue
  • bright red color to the tongue
  • tongue swelling

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Common Causes of Glossitis

The following are the most common causes of Glossitis:
  • anemias
  • vitamin B deficiencies
  • bacterial infection
  • viral infection
  • fungal infection
  • administration of ganglion blockers

Other Causes of Glossitis

The following are the less common causes of Glossitis:
  • allergic reaction to toothpaste
  • allergic reaction to mouthwash
  • allergic reaction to breath fresheners
  • lichen planus
  • erythema multiforme
  • aphthous ulcer
  • pemphigus vulgaris
  • use of albuterol

Risk Factors for Glossitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Glossitis:
  • exposure to tobacco
  • exposure to alcohol
  • exposure to hot foods
  • Sprue
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Whipple disease
  • Glucagonoma syndrome
  • Cowden disease
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Carcinoid syndrome
  • Kwashiorkor amyloidosis
  • veganism diet
  • poor hydration
  • low saliva in the mouth
  • mechanical irritation
  • injury from burns
  • rough edges of teeth
  • tongue piercing

Prevention of Glossitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Glossitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • by good oral care
  • drinking plenty of water
  • avoiding excessive use of irritant substance

Occurrence of Glossitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Glossitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Gender

Glossitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Glossitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Glossitis:
  • Blood test: To rule out the problems that associated with glossitis

Complications of Glossitis if untreated

It is not know if Glossitis causes complications if left untreated.

Self-care for Glossitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Glossitis:
  • Good oral care: Brush your teeth thoroughly to prevent glossitis
  • Avoiding irritants: Avoid hot or spicy foods, alcohol, and tobacco to ease discomfort

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Glossitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Glossitis:
  • Diet supplementation: To treat nutrition problem

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Glossitis.
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