A species of aerobic, Gram-negative, diplococci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is oxidase and catalase positive, grows best on blood agar medium or chocolate medium, is non-hemolytic, produces acid from glucose, but not from maltose, fructose, sucrose, mannose or lactose, does not synthesize polysaccharides, and reduces nitrite but not nitrate. N. gonorrhoeae is the causative agent of gonorrhea and is transmitted via sexual contact.

Symptoms of Gonorrhoea

The following features are indicative of Gonorrhoea:
  • painful urination
  • swelling in one testicle
  • increased vaginal discharge
  • pelvic pain
It is possible that Gonorrhoea shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Gonorrhoea

The following are the most common causes of Gonorrhoea:
  • bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Risk Factors for Gonorrhoea

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Gonorrhoea:
  • younger age
  • multiple sex partners
  • new sex partner
  • previous gonorrhea diagnosis

Prevention of Gonorrhoea

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Gonorrhoea. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use condom before sex
  • test for sexually transmitted infections
  • regular gonorrhea screening

Occurrence of Gonorrhoea

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Gonorrhoea cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Gonorrhoea most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-25 years

Common Gender

Gonorrhoea can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Gonorrhoea

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Gonorrhoea:
  • Urine test: To identify bacteria in urethra
  • Swab of affected area: To diagnose bacteria

Doctor for Diagnosis of Gonorrhoea

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Gonorrhoea:
  • Infectiologist

Complications of Gonorrhoea if untreated

Yes, Gonorrhoea causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Gonorrhoea is left untreated:
  • infertility in women
  • infertility in men
  • increased risk of HIV/AIDS
  • complications in babies

Patient Support for Treatment of Gonorrhoea

The following actions may help Gonorrhoea patients:
  • Support groups: Helps in reducing the risk of gonorrhoea

Is Gonorrhoea Infectious?

Yes, Gonorrhoea is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • sexual contact
  • pregnant mother to child
  • contaminated body fluids

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Gonorrhoea.

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