Symptoms of Gynaecomastia

The following features are indicative of Gynaecomastia:
  • swollen breast gland tissue
  • breast tenderness
  • nipple discharge in one or both breasts

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Common Causes of Gynaecomastia

The following are the most common causes of Gynaecomastia:
  • decrease in the amount of the hormone testosterone compared with estrogen

Risk Factors for Gynaecomastia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Gynaecomastia:
  • adolescence
  • older age
  • use of anabolic steroids or androgens
  • kidney disease
  • thyroid disease
  • hormonally active tumors
  • Klinefelter's syndrome

Prevention of Gynaecomastia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Gynaecomastia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoiding use of illegal drugs
  • avoiding alcohol consumption
  • reviewing medications in proper manner

Occurrence of Gynaecomastia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Gynaecomastia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Gynaecomastia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Gynaecomastia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Gynaecomastia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Gynaecomastia:
  • Physical examination: To evaluate the male breast tissue
  • Mammography: Method of choice for radiologic examination of male breast tissue in the diagnosis of gynecomastia

Doctor for Diagnosis of Gynaecomastia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Gynaecomastia:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Plastic Surgeon

Complications of Gynaecomastia if untreated

Yes, Gynaecomastia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Gynaecomastia is left untreated:
  • psychological or emotional problems

Procedures for Treatment of Gynaecomastia

The following procedures are used to treat Gynaecomastia:
  • Surgery: To remove glandular breast tissue
  • Radiation therapy: Helps to prevent gynecomastia and breast pain
  • Liposuction: Helps in removal of breast fat
  • Mastectomy: Helps in removal of the breast gland tissue

Self-care for Gynaecomastia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Gynaecomastia:
  • Stop taking recreational drugs: Helps in prevention of breast enlargement in males
  • Avoid to take nutritional supplements: To prevent symptoms of Gynecomastia

Patient Support for Treatment of Gynaecomastia

The following actions may help Gynaecomastia patients:
  • Family Support: Helps in avoiding anxiety and depression caused by gynecomastia

Time for Treatment of Gynaecomastia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Gynaecomastia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Gynaecomastia.

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