Anemia resulting from the premature destruction of the peripheral blood red cells. It may be congenital or it may be caused by infections, medications, or malignancies.

Symptoms of Haemolytic Anaemia

The following features are indicative of Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • feeling weak or tired more often than usual, or with exercise
  • headaches
  • problems concentrating or thinking
  • lightheadedness when standing up
  • pale skin
  • shortness of breath
  • sore tongue
  • enlarged spleen
It is possible that Haemolytic Anaemia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Haemolytic Anaemia

The following are the most common causes of Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • autoimmune problem
  • genetic defects within the red cells
  • blood clots in small blood vessels
  • transfusion of blood from a donor with a blood type that does not match

Risk Factors for Haemolytic Anaemia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • sickle cell anemia
  • thalassemia
  • G6PD deficiency
  • autoimmune disorders

Prevention of Haemolytic Anaemia

No, it is not possible to prevent Haemolytic Anaemia.
  • autoimmune diseases

Occurrence of Haemolytic Anaemia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Haemolytic Anaemia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Haemolytic Anaemia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Haemolytic Anaemia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Haemolytic Anaemia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • Donath-Landsteiner test: To detect harmful antibodies related to a rare disorder called paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria
  • Absolute reticulocyte count test: To measure the amount of reticulocytes in the blood
  • Coombs test: To look for antibodies that cause early red blood cells death
  • Cold agglutinins: To measure the level of cold agglutinins in the blood
  • Platelet count: To measure the platelets in the blood
  • Protein electrophoresis - serum test: To measure types of protein in the fluid (serum) part of a blood sample
  • Pyruvate kinase: To measure the level of the enzyme pyruvate kinase in the blood
  • Serum haptoglobin levels test: To measure the the level of haptoglobin in blood
  • Serum LDH levels test: To measure the amount of LDH in the blood

Doctor for Diagnosis of Haemolytic Anaemia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • Pediatricians
  • Family doctors
  • Gynecologists
  • Obstetricians
  • Internal medicine specialists
  • Hematologist
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Haemolytic Anaemia if untreated

Yes, Haemolytic Anaemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Haemolytic Anaemia is left untreated:
  • gallstones
  • pulmonary hypertension

Procedures for Treatment of Haemolytic Anaemia

The following procedures are used to treat Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • Blood transfusion: To transfuse blood in case of emergency

Self-care for Haemolytic Anaemia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • Eat a vitamin-rich diet: Take a diet that includes a number of vitamins and nutrients
  • Genetic counseling: Talk to a genetic counselor about risks and pass on of the risks to children
  • Prevent malaria: Reduce exposure to mosquitoes

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Haemolytic Anaemia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Haemolytic Anaemia:
  • Dietary Changes and Supplements: Change diet and take vitamin or iron supplements
  • Iron: Take iron from meats, vegetables or other foods

Time for Treatment of Haemolytic Anaemia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Haemolytic Anaemia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Haemolytic Anaemia.

Related Topics

Haemolytic Anaemia

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