A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the heart and/or the pericardium. Representative examples include endocarditis, pericarditis, atrial myxoma, cardiac myeloid sarcoma, and pericardial malignant mesothelioma.

Symptoms of Heart Disease

The following features are indicative of Heart Disease:
  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • pain
  • numbness
  • weakness or coldness in legs or arms
  • pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
It is possible that Heart Disease shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Heart Disease

The following are the most common causes of Heart Disease:
  • coronary artery disease
  • high blood pressure
  • diabetes
  • smoking
  • excessive use of alcohol or caffeine
  • born with heart disease
  • valvular heart disease

Risk Factors for Heart Disease

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Heart Disease:
  • high blood pressure
  • smoking
  • diabetes
  • lack of exercise
  • obesity
  • high blood cholesterol
  • poor diet
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • stress

Prevention of Heart Disease

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Heart Disease. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • don't smoke
  • avoid tobacco
  • exercise for about 30 minutes on most days of the week
  • eat a heart-healthy diet
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • get enough quality sleep
  • manage stress
  • get regular health screenings

Occurrence of Heart Disease

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Heart Disease cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Heart Disease can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Heart Disease can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Heart Disease

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Heart Disease:
  • Electrocardiogram: To see electrical impulses generated by heart
  • Blood test: To test for the presence of certain enzymes
  • Chest X-ray: To check the size of heart and its blood vessels
  • Echocardiogram: Help to detect irregularities in the heart's rhythm
  • Coronary catheterization: Reveals the areas of blockage
  • Exercise stress test: To measure how the heart and blood vessels respond to exertion
  • Cardiac computerized tomography (CT): To diagnose heart problems
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To diagnose heart problems

Doctor for Diagnosis of Heart Disease

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Heart Disease:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Heart Disease if untreated

Yes, Heart Disease causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Heart Disease is left untreated:
  • heart failure
  • heart attack
  • stroke
  • aneurysm
  • peripheral artery disease
  • sudden cardiac arrest

Procedures for Treatment of Heart Disease

The following procedures are used to treat Heart Disease:
  • Coronary angioplasty and stenting: Help unblock the artery in the heart
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery: Allow blood flow to the heart to bypass the narrowed section

Self-care for Heart Disease

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Heart Disease:
  • Stop smoking: Reduce the risk of heart disease
  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol level: Reduce the risk of heart disease
  • Keep diabetes under control: Help reduce the risk of heart disease
  • Exercise: Helps to achieve and maintain a healthy weight and control diabetes, elevated cholesterol and high blood pressure

Patient Support for Treatment of Heart Disease

The following actions may help Heart Disease patients:
  • Cardiac rehabilitation: To improve treatment and speed recovery
  • Support group: Effective in preventing or treating depression after a heart disease

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Heart Disease.
Heart Diseases
Heart Valve Diseases

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