Hemorrhagic Stroke

Also called: Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

A stroke is a medical emergency. There are two types - ischemic and hemorrhagic. Hemorrhagic stroke is the less common type. It happens when a blood vessel breaks and bleeds into the brain. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. Causes include a bleeding aneurysm, an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), or an artery wall that breaks open.

Symptoms of stroke are

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body)
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

It is important to treat strokes as quickly as possible. With a hemorrhagic stroke, the first steps are to find the cause of bleeding in the brain and then control it. Surgery may be needed. Post-stroke rehabilitation can help people overcome disabilities caused by stroke damage.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Symptoms of Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following features are indicative of Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • confusion
  • trouble with speaking and understanding
  • numbness
  • weakness
  • blurred vision
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • loss of balance
It is possible that Hemorrhagic Stroke shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following are the most common causes of Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • arteriovenous malformation
  • overtreatment with anticoagulants
  • hypertension
  • aneurysms
  • trauma

Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • obesity
  • lack of physical activity
  • heavy drinking
  • use of illicit drugs
  • high blood pressure
  • cigarette smoking
  • high cholesterol
  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • increasing age
  • family history

Prevention of Hemorrhagic Stroke

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hemorrhagic Stroke. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • maintain healthy body weight
  • manage stress
  • be physically active

Occurrence of Hemorrhagic Stroke

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hemorrhagic Stroke cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hemorrhagic Stroke can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hemorrhagic Stroke can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • Blood tests: To know the blood's clotting time and evaluate any infection
  • Computerized tomography scan: To view the hemorrhage, tumor, stroke and other conditions
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: To view the arteries and veins and highlight blood flow
  • Carotid ultrasound: To view the buildup of fatty deposits and blood flow in the carotid arteries
  • Cerebral angiogram: To view the images of arteries in the brain and neck
  • Echocardiogram: To view the detailed images of the heart

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hemorrhagic Stroke

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • Neurologist
  • Physiatrist
  • Nurse
  • Dietitian
  • Physical therapist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Recreational therapist
  • Speech therapist
  • Social worker
  • Case manager
  • Psychologist

Complications of Hemorrhagic Stroke if untreated

Yes, Hemorrhagic Stroke causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hemorrhagic Stroke is left untreated:
  • paralysis
  • memory loss
  • depression
  • pain
  • dysarthria
  • dysphagia
  • aphasia

Procedures for Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following procedures are used to treat Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • Surgical clipping: To prevent re-bleeding of an aneurysm that has recently hemorrhaged
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery: To repair vascular malformations
  • Intracranial bypass: To treat poor blood flow to a region of the brain or complex vascular lesions, such as aneurysm repair

Self-care for Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • Control hypertension: Helps to reduce stroke risk
  • Limit cholesterol and saturated fat in diet: Helps reducing the fatty deposits (plaques) in arteries
  • Quit tobacco use: Helps reducing risk of stroke
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Helps lowering blood pressure and improve cholesterol levels
  • Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables: Reduces risk of stroke
  • Drink alcohol in moderation: Helps managing stroke
  • Avoid illicit drugs: To prevent the risk factors of stroke

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hemorrhagic Stroke:
  • Exercise regularly: Helps to lower blood pressure, increase level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and improve the overall health of blood vessels and heart

Patient Support for Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke

The following actions may help Hemorrhagic Stroke patients:
  • Join a support group: Meeting with others who are coping with a stroke let's patient get out and share experiences, exchange information and forge new friendships
  • Friends and family support: Helps coping up with the situation

Time for Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hemorrhagic Stroke to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hemorrhagic Stroke.

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